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Significance and Use
5.1 Due to hydraulic pressure that may be present on some applications, engineers need to understand the capability of these products to resist this pressure. This test allows engineers to compare products and verify pullout strength.
5.2 Hydraulic pullout resistance is a function of locking extension dimensions, locking extension geometry, locking extensions per area, locking extension polymer composition, and the properties of the concrete in which the locking extensions are embedded.
5.3 The data from this test method provides comparative information for rating hydraulic pullout resistance of different geomembranes with locking extensions embedded in concrete. Hydraulic pullout resistance, while partly dependent on locking extension dimensions, has no simple correlation to locking extension dimensions and geometry. Hence, hydraulic pullout resistance cannot be determined with a small sample without potentially producing misleading data to the actual hydraulic pullout resistance of the material. Therefore, the hydraulic pullout resistance is expressed in kPa (lbs/ft2).
5.5 Fig. 1 shows an example of a circular test apparatus that can be used in the performance of this test. The apparatus requires a pressure vessel rated to a minimum 690 kPa (14 410 lbs/ft2). The vessel test diameter should be a minimum of 677.04 mm (26.655 in.) as shown in Fig. 1.
5.8 Form—is an aluminum ring used to form test specimen as shown in Fig. 2.
5.11 Concrete shall be a ready-mixed concrete per Specification C94 with a minimum cured compressive strength of 34 473.8 kPa (5 000 psi).
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the hydraulic pullout resistance of a geomembrane with locking extensions embedded in concrete by determining the pressure required for locking extensions of the embedded specimen to pullout of the concrete.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A1064 Specification for Carbon-Steel Wire and Welded Wire Reinforcement, Plain and Deformed, for Concrete
C31 Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Field
C39 Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens
C94 Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics
D5947 Test Methods for Physical Dimensions of Solid Plastics Specimens
ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles); 91.080.40 (Concrete structures)
UNSPSC Code 30121701(Geomesh)