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Significance and Use
4.1 A waterproofing membrane should maintain its watertight integrity for the life of the building in a continuously or intermittently moist environment and may be subject to continuous or intermittent hydrostatic pressure. It should resist chemicals that can harm the membrane and root growth. This guide lists minimum performance attributes required of waterproofing membranes applied to below-grade walls. Products not previously used as waterproofing membrane materials require additional tests beyond the scope of this guide. This guide is not intended for use on in-service waterproofing materials. Waterproofing membranes and other components should conform to ASTM product standards, if available.
4.2 Limitations—Prior to use and in service, waterproofing may be exposed to a variety of conditions so no one test will provide evaluations related to performance for all exposures. Neither will all tests be necessary in all evaluations for specific exposures.
1.1 This guide lists test methods intended to establish a minimum level of acceptable performance attributes for reinforced or laminated waterproofing membranes applied to below-grade walls.
1.2 This guide does not include cementitious, integral, or bentonite waterproofing systems.
1.3 This guide does not include membranes applied under slabs on grade or on suspended slabs below grade or applied to soil retaining systems, water containment structures, or tunnels.
1.4 It is not possible to establish a precise correlation between laboratory tests on waterproofing membranes and performance attributes after installation due to variations in chemicals in the soil, design, material, and installation.
1.5 The values stated in either inch-pound or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C1305 Test Method for Crack Bridging Ability of Liquid-Applied Waterproofing Membrane
C1522 Test Method for Extensibility After Heat Aging of Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membranes
D95 Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation
D471 Test Method for Rubber Property--Effect of Liquids
D543 Practices for Evaluating the Resistance of Plastics to Chemical Reagents
D570 Test Method for Water Absorption of Plastics
D896 Practice for Resistance of Adhesive Bonds to Chemical Reagents
D903 Test Method for Peel or Stripping Strength of Adhesive Bonds
D1079 Terminology Relating to Roofing and Waterproofing
D1204 Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature
D1790 Test Method for Brittleness Temperature of Plastic Sheeting by Impact
D4551 Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Flexible Concealed Water-Containment Membrane
D5147 Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Modified Bituminous Sheet Material
D5385 Test Method for Hydrostatic Pressure Resistance of Waterproofing Membranes
D5636 Test Method for Low Temperature Unrolling of Felt or Sheet Roofing and Waterproofing Materials
D5683 Test Method for Flexibility of Roofing and Waterproofing Materials and Membranes
D5849 Test Method for Evaluating Resistance of Modified Bituminous Roofing Membrane to Cyclic Fatigue (Joint Displacement)
D6134 Specification for Vulcanized Rubber Sheets Used in Waterproofing Systems
D7234 Test Method for Pull-Off Adhesion Strength of Coatings on Concrete Using Portable Pull-Off Adhesion Testers
D7281 Test Method for Determining Water Migration Resistance Through Roof Membranes
E154 Test Methods for Water Vapor Retarders Used in Contact with Earth Under Concrete Slabs, on Walls, or as Ground Cover
E1745 Specification for Plastic Water Vapor Retarders Used in Contact with Soil or Granular Fill under Concrete Slabs
International Codes CouncilInternational Building Code
ICS Number Code 91.120.30 (Waterproofing)
UNSPSC Code 30162403(Interior wall system)
ASTM D7832 / D7832M-14, Standard Guide for Performance Attributes of Waterproofing Membranes Applied to Below-Grade Walls / Vertical Surfaces (Enclosing Interior Spaces), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.orgBack to Top