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**Significance and Use**

4.1 The analyzer site precision is an estimate of the variability that can be expected in a UAR or a PPTMR produced by an analyzer when applied to the analysis of the same material over an extended time period.

4.2 For applications where the process analyzer system results are required to agree with results produced from an independent PTM, a mathematical function is derived that relates the UARs to the PPTMRs. The application of this mathematical function to an analyzer result produces a predicted PPTMR. For analyzers where the mathematical function, that is, a correlation, is developed by D7235, the analyzer site precision of the UARs is a required input to the computation.

4.3 After the correlation relationship between the analyzer results and primary test method results has been established, a probationary validation (see D3764 and D6122) is performed using an independent but limited set of materials that were not part of the correlation activity. This probationary validation is intended to demonstrate that the PPTMRs agree with the PTMRs to within user-specified requirements for the analyzer system application. The analyzer site precision is a required input to the probationary validation procedures.

4.3.1 If the process stream analyzer system and the primary test method are based on the same measurement principle(s), or, if the process stream analyzer system uses a direct and well-understood measurement principle that is similar to the measurement principle of the PTM then validation is done via D3764. Practice D3764 also applies if the process stream analyzer system uses a different measurement technology from the PTM, provided that the calibration protocol for the direct output of the analyzer does not require use of the PTM.

4.3.2 If the process stream analyzer system utilizes an indirect or mathematically modeled measurement principle such as chemometric or multivariate analysis techniques where PTMRs are required for the development of the chemometric or multivariate model, then validation of the analyzer is done using Practice D6122.

4.4 The procedures described herein also serve as the basis for a process analyzer quality control system. A representative sample of the QC material is introduced into the analyzer system in a repeatable fashion. Such sample introduction permits capturing the effect of the analyzer system operating variables on the UAR and PPTMR output signal from the process analyzer. By comparing the observed analyzer responses to the expected response for the QC sample, the fitness for use of the analyzer system can be determined.

**1. Scope**

1.1 This practice describes a procedure to quantify the site precision of a process analyzer via repetitive measurement of a single process sample over an extended time period. The procedure may be applied to multiple process samples to obtain site precision estimates at different property levels

1.2 This practice is not applicable to in-line analyzers where the same quality control sample cannot be repetitively introduced.

1.3 This practice is meant to be applied to analyzers that measure physical properties or compositions.

1.4 This practice can be applied to any process analyzer system where the feed stream can be captured and stored in sufficient quantity with no stratification or stability concerns.

1.4.1 The captured stream sample introduction must be able to meet the process analyzer sample conditioning requirements, feed temperature and inlet pressure.

1.4.2 This practice is designed for use with samples that are single liquid phase, petroleum products whose vapor pressure, at sampling and sample storage conditions, is less than or equal to 110 kPa (16.0 psi) absolute and whose D86 final boiling point is less than or equal to 400°C (752°F).

Note 1—The general procedures described in this practice may be applicable to materials outside this range, including multiphase materials, but such application may involve special sampling and safety considerations which are outside the scope of this practice.

**2. Referenced Documents** *(purchase separately)* The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

**ASTM Standards**

D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

D3764 Practice for Validation of the Performance of Process Stream Analyzer Systems

D6122 Practice for Validation of the Performance of Multivariate Online, At-Line, and Laboratory Infrared Spectrophotometer Based Analyzer Systems

D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

D6708 Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material

D7235 Guide for Establishing a Linear Correlation Relationship Between Analyzer and Primary Test Method Results Using Relevant ASTM Standard Practices

D7278 Guide for Prediction of Analyzer Sample System Lag Times

**ICS Code**

ICS Number Code 17.120.10 (Flow in closed conduits)

**UNSPSC Code**

UNSPSC Code

**DOI:** 10.1520/D7808-12

ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.