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Significance and Use
The water content of raw or lint cotton determined by this test method, calculated from the required volume of reagent, may be greater, equal to or less than the moisture content measured by standard oven drying methods. These differences may be of significance in commercial transactions (1-3) (see also Appendix X2). Water content by this method is not to be considered the same attribute as moisture content.
Standard test methods using volumetric and coulometric Karl Fischer reagent are two of the most widely used procedures for the determination of water.
The volumetric method is typically used for the routine determination of water in the mass percent range of concentrations. If samples contain very low levels of water, the coulometric technique should be considered (see Test Methods D1533, E1064).
This test method for testing the water content of cotton can be used for acceptance testing of commercial shipments of lint cotton, manufacturing control and calibration of fast, indirect sensors to measure water.
Information on the water content of cotton is desirable since the physical properties of cotton are significantly affected by its water content. Variations in the amount of water present, or its regain, affect the mass and hence the market value of a lot of material.
The observed volume of Karl Fischer reagent used in this test method to analyze a specimen represents the water in the absence of side reactions in an oven supplied with air (3).
Note 2—Side reactions in cotton that confound the actual weight loss due to water have been demonstrated in two laboratory ovens and a thermogravimetric analysis oven supplied with air (3). This results in an approximation regarding the actual amount of water in cotton based on mass loss by drying. If the moisture content by oven drying agrees with the water content measured by Karl Fischer titration, the one-to-one correspondence may be coincidental due to the presence of both negative and positive biases in moisture content values.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the total amount of water (free and bound) in raw and lint cotton at moisture equilibrium from conditioning in the standard atmosphere for testing textiles.
1.2 This test method requires the use of oven evaporation to remove all of the water in the fiber matrix, volumetric Karl Fischer (KF) titration to determine water content and water regain, and control current potentiometry to detect the end point.
1.3 This test method is not intended for use with potentiometric (zero current) and coulometric Karl Fischer titrators (see Test Methods D1533, D4377 and E1064), nor is this test method intended to be used with methanol extracts of cotton (See Test Methods D1348).
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary warnings see 9.1.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1348 Test Methods for Moisture in Cellulose
D1441 Practice for Sampling Cotton Fibers for Testing
D1533 Test Method for Water in Insulating Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles
D2495 Test Method for Moisture in Cotton by Oven-Drying
D4377 Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Potentiometric Karl Fischer Titration
D7139 Terminology for Cotton Fibers
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E203 Test Method for Water Using Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
E1064 Test Method for Water in Organic Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
ICS Number Code 59.080.01 (Textiles in general)
UNSPSC Code 11121802(Cotton)