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Significance and Use
5.1 In using the methods of Practice D3960 to measure the VOC content of coatings, precision tends to be poor for waterborne coatings because the VOC weight fraction is determined indirectly. The present method first identifies and then quantifies the individual VOCs directly. The total VOC weight fraction is obtained by adding the individual weight fraction values.
1.1 This test method is for the determination of the individual organic volatile compounds of waterborne multi-component coatings using gas chromatography (see Note 1).
1.2 The method has also been used successfully to determine the speciated volatile organic content of solvent-borne multi-component coatings. Work is continuing to develop this aspect of the method and will be added to the method at a later date.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Some specific hazards statements are given in Section 7 on Hazards.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1475 Test Method For Density of Liquid Coatings, Inks, and Related Products
D2369 Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings
D3792 Test Method for Water Content of Coatings by Direct Injection Into a Gas Chromatograph
D3925 Practice for Sampling Liquid Paints and Related Pigmented Coatings
D3960 Practice for Determining Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content of Paints and Related Coatings
D4017 Test Method for Water in Paints and Paint Materials by Karl Fischer Method
D6133 Test Method for Acetone, p-Chlorobenzotrifluoride, Methyl Acetate or t-Butyl Acetate Content of Solventborne and Waterborne Paints, Coatings, Resins, and Raw Materials by Direct Injection Into a Gas Chromatograph
D7358 Test Method for Water Content of Paints by Quantitative Calcium Hydride Reaction Test Kit
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)
UNSPSC Code 31211500(Paints and primers)