ASTM D7756 - 13

    Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases by Gas Chromatography with Liquid, On-Column Injection

    Active Standard ASTM D7756 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.H0

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.04


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Control over the residue content as specified in Specification D1835 is of considerable importance in end-use applications of LPG. Oily residue in LPG is contamination which can occur during production, transportation, or storage.

    5.2 This test method is quicker and much more sensitive than manual methods, such as Test Method D2158, which is based on evaporation of large sample volumes followed by visual or gravimetric estimation of residue content.

    5.3 This test method provides enhanced sensitivity in measurements of heavier (oily) residues, with a quantification limit of 10 mg/kg total residue.

    5.4 This test method gives both quantitative results and information about contaminant composition such as boiling point range and fingerprint, which can be very useful in tracing the source of a particular contaminant.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination, by gas chromatography, of soluble hydrocarbon materials, sometimes called “oily residue,” which can be present in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and which are substantially less volatile than the LPG product.

    1.2 This test method quantifies, in the range of 10 to 600 mg/kg (ppm mass), the residue with a boiling point between 174°C and 522°C (C10 to C40) in LPG. Higher boiling materials, or materials that adhere permanently to the chromatographic column, will not be detected.

    1.3 Appendix X3 and Appendix X4 describe additional applications which could be performed based on the hardware and procedures described in this test method. Appendix X3 describes a test procedure for expanding the analysis range to benzene, and Appendix X4 describes a test procedure for the analysis of diisopropanolamine in LPG.

    1.4 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1265 Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases, Manual Method

    D1835 Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases

    D2158 Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases

    D2163 Test Method for Analysis of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propene Concentrates by Gas Chromatography

    D2421 Practice for Interconversion of Analysis of C5 and Lighter Hydrocarbons to Gas-Volume, Liquid-Volume, or Mass Basis

    D2598 Practice for Calculation of Certain Physical Properties of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases from Compositional Analysis

    D3700 Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    D6300 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants

    D6667 Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence

    E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships

    E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.160.30 (Gaseous fuels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15111510(Liquified petroleum gas)


    DOI: 10.1520/D7756

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