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Significance and Use
The presence of acids or glycol esters in the ethylene glycol used to produce engine coolant is undesirable. Under conditions in an engine cooling system, the esters can hydrolyze to form glycol and an acid. The acid will react with the corrosion inhibitors, thereby reducing the useful life of the coolant. This method can determine the amount of acid and glycol ester present in the ethylene glycol.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of free acids and glycol esters in ethylene glycol by titration.
1.2 This test method is for used on ethylene glycol used for the manufacture of engine coolant. It can not be used on formulated engine coolant. The inhibitors will interfere with the determination.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1176 Practice for Sampling and Preparing Aqueous Solutions of Engine Coolants or Antirusts for Testing Purposes
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D4725 Terminology for Engine Coolants
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
ICS Number Code 71.100.45 (Refrigerants and antifreezes)
UNSPSC Code 15121807(Antifreeze)