ASTM D7681 - 11

    Standard Test Method for Measuring Gradation of Glass Spheres Using a Flowing Stream Digital Image Analyzer

    Active Standard ASTM D7681 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.44

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.02


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 5 $43.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 5 $43.00   ADD TO CART


    Significance and Use

    The gradation (size distribution) of glass beads has a significant influence on the retroreflective efficiency of a pavement marking system.

    This test method is for the characterization of the gradation (size distribution) of glass beads for the purpose of compliance testing against standard specification for glass beads in pavement marking applications.

    While there are potential industrial applications for this test method beyond the measurement of gradation (size distribution) of glass beads for pavement markings, those are beyond the scope of this standard.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the gradation (size distribution) of glass spheres used in pavement marking systems using a Flowing Stream Digital Analyzer. Typical gradations for pavement marking systems are defined in ranges from Type 0 through 5 in AASHTO M247-08.

    1.2 This test method provides for the presentation of the size data in a variety of formats to the requirements of the agency pavement marking material specification. For most specifications the standard format is to present the size data as Percent Retained or Percent Passing relative to a series of standard US sieve sizes.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    B215 Practices for Sampling Metal Powders

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    AASHTO Standards

    AASHTOM247-08 Standard Glass Beads Used in Traffic Markings


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31191513(Glass bead); 72151306(Pavement marking service)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D7681-11

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7681-11, Standard Test Method for Measuring Gradation of Glass Spheres Using a Flowing Stream Digital Image Analyzer, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

    Back to Top