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Significance and Use
Hydrogen is delivered to fuel cell powered automotive vehicles and stationary appliances at pressures up to 87.5 MPa. The quality of hydrogen delivered is a significant factor in maximizing fuel cell efficiency and life span. Contamination can arise during the production of fuel cell feed gases, storage containers, station tubing and fuel lines up to the nozzle used for fuel delivery. Collection of a representative fuel sample without the introduction of contamination even as low as parts-per-billion (ppb) per contaminant during collection is crucial for assessing the quality of fuel in real world applications.
This practice is intended for application to high pressure, high purity hydrogen; however, the apparatus design and sampling techniques may be applicable to collection of other fuel cell supply gases. Many of the techniques used in this practice can be applied to lower pressure/lower purity gas streams.
1.1 This practice describes a hydrogen quality sampling apparatus (HQSA) and a procedure for the sampling of high pressure hydrogen at fueling nozzles of 35 or 70 Mega Pascal (MPa) fueling stations.
1.2 This practice does not include the analysis of the acquired sample. Applicable ASTM standards include but are not limited to test methods referenced in Section 2 of this practice.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are standard. The values stated in inch-pounds are for information only.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D7650 Test Method for Test Method for Sampling of Particulate Matter in High Pressure Hydrogen used as a Gaseous Fuel with an In-Stream Filter
D7651 Test Method for Gravimetric Measurement of Particulate Concentration of Hydrogen Fuel
SAE StandardsSAETIRJ2719 Information Report of the Development of a Hydrogen Quality Guideline for Fuel Cell Vehicles
California Code of RegulationsCaliforniaCodeofRegu Title 4, Division 9, Chapter 6, Article 8, Sections 4180 4181
ICS Number Code 27.075 (Hydrogen technologies)
UNSPSC Code 15111500(Gaseous fuels)