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Significance and Use
5.1 N-Ethyldiethanolamine, N-methyldiethanolamine and triethanolamine are Schedule 3 compounds under the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). Schedule 3 chemicals include those that have been produced, stockpiled or used as a chemical weapon, poses otherwise a risk to the object and purpose of the CWC because they possess such lethal or incapacitating toxicity as well as other properties that might enable it to be used as a chemical weapon, poses otherwise a risk to the object and purpose of the CWC by virtue of it’s importance in the production of one or more chemicals listed in Schedules 1 or 2, or it may be produced in large commercial quantities for purposes not prohibited under the CWC.4 Ethanolamines have a broad spectrum of applications. They are used to produce adhesives, agricultural products, cement grinding aids, concrete additives, detergents, specialty cleaners, personal care products, gas treatments, metalwork, oil well chemicals, packaging and printing inks, photographic chemicals, rubber, textile finishing, urethane coatings, textile lubricants, polishes, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals. Ethanolamines are readily dissolved in water, biodegradable and the bio-concentration potential is low.5
1.1 This procedure covers the determination of diethanolamine, triethanolamine, N-methyldiethanolamine and N-ethyldiethanolamine (referred to collectively as ethanolamines in this test method) in surface water by direct injection using liquid chromatography (LC) and detected with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). These analytes are qualitatively and quantitatively determined by this method. This method adheres to single reaction monitoring (SRM) mass spectrometry.
1.4 The Detection Verification Level (DVL) and Reporting Range for the ethanolamines are listed in Table 1.
1.4.1 The DVL is required to be at a concentration at least 3 times below the Reporting Limit (RL) and have a signal/noise ratio greater than 3:1. Fig. 1 displays the signal/noise ratios at the DVLs and at higher concentrations for N-methyldiethanolamine.
1.4.2 The reporting limit is the concentration of the Level 1 calibration standard as shown in Table 2 for diethanolamine, triethanolamine, and N-ethyldiethanolamine and Level 2 for N-methyldiethanolamine. The reporting limit for N-methyldiethanolamine is set at 50 μg/L due to poor sensitivity at a 5 μg/L concentration which did not meet the DVL criteria. The DVL for N-methyldiethanolamine is at 10 μg/L, which forces a raised reporting limit (chromatograms are shown in Fig. 1). However, the multi-laboratory validation required a spike of all target analytes at 25 μg/L. The mean recovery for N-methyldiethanolamine at this level was 88 % as shown in Table 3. If your instrument’s sensitivity can meet the requirements in this test method, N-methyldiethanolamine may have a 25 μg/L reporting limit.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
D3694 Practices for Preparation of Sample Containers and for Preservation of Organic Constituents
D3856 Guide for Management Systems in Laboratories Engaged in Analysis of Water
D5847 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
E2554 Practice for Estimating and Monitoring the Uncertainty of Test Results of a Test Method Using Control Chart Techniques
Other DocumentsEPApublicationSW-846 Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods Available from National Technical Information Service (NTIS), U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA, 22161 or at http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/hazard/testmethods/index.htm.
ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)