ASTM D7583 - 16

    Standard Test Method for John Deere Coolant Cavitation Test

    Active Standard ASTM D7583 | Developed by Subcommittee: D15.11

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.05


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method was developed to evaluate the ability of a heavy-duty diesel engine coolant to provide protection against damage resulting from a phenomenon known as cylinder liner cavitation corrosion.

    5.2 This test method may be used for engine coolant specification acceptance when all details of this test method are in compliance.

    5.3 The design of the engine used in this test method is a production OEM diesel engine modified to consistently produce the operating conditions that accelerate damage from cylinder liner cavitation. This factor, along with the accelerated operating conditions needs to be considered when extrapolating test results.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method is commonly referred to as the John Deere Cavitation Test.2 The test method defines a heavy-duty diesel engine to evaluate coolant protection as related to cylinder liner pitting caused by cavitation.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. The only exception is where there is no direct SI equivalent such as screw threads, national pipe threads/diameters, and tubing sizes.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See Annex A1 for general safety precautions.

    1.4 Table of Contents: 

    Scope

    1

    Referenced Documents

    2

    Terminology

    3

    Summary of Test Method

    4

    Significance and Use

    5

    Apparatus

    6

    Test Engine Configuration

    6.1

    Test Engine

    6.1.1

    Test Stand Configuration

    6.2

    Engine Mounting

    6.2.1

    Intake Air System

    6.2.2

    Aftercooler

    6.2.3

    Exhaust System

    6.2.4

    Fuel System

    6.2.5

    Coolant System

    6.2.6

    Oil System

    6.2.7

    Oil Volume

    6.2.7.1

    Pressurized Oil Fill System

    6.2.7.2

    External Oil System

    6.2.7.3

    Oil Sample Valve Location

    6.2.7.4

    Unacceptable Oil System Materials

    6.2.7.5

    Crankcase Aspiration

    6.3

    Blowby Rate

    6.4

    System Time Responses

    6.5

    Clearance Measurements

    6.6

    Engine and Cleaning Fluids

    7

    Engine Oil

    7.1

    Test Fuel

    7.2

    Test Coolant

    7.3

    Solvent

    7.4

    Preparation of Apparatus

    8

    Cleaning of Parts

    8.1

    General

    8.1.1

    Engine Block

    8.1.2

    Cylinder Head

    8.1.3

    Rocker Cover and Oil Pan

    8.1.4

    External Oil System

    8.1.5

    Rod Bearing Cleaning and Measurement

    8.1.6

    Ring Cleaning and Measurement

    8.1.7

    Injector Nozzle

    8.1.8

    Pistons

    8.1.9

    Engine Assembly

    8.2

    General

    8.2.1

    Parts Reuse and Replacement

    8.2.2

    Build-Up Oil

    8.2.3

    Coolant Thermostat

    8.2.4

    Fuel Injectors

    8.2.5

    New Parts

    8.2.6

    Operational Measurements

    8.3

    Units and Formats

    8.3.1

    Instrumentation Calibration

    8.3.2

    Fuel Consumption Rate Measurement Calibration

    8.3.2.1

    Temperature Measurement Calibration

    8.3.2.2

    Pressure Measurement Calibration

    8.3.2.3

    Temperatures

    8.3.3

    Measurement Location

    8.3.3.1

    Coolant Out Temperature

    8.3.3.2

    Coolant In Temperature

    8.3.3.3

    Fuel In Temperature

    8.3.3.4

    Oil Gallery Temperature

    8.3.3.5

    Intake Air Temperature

    8.3.3.6

    Intake Air after Compressor Temperature

    8.3.3.7

    Intake Manifold Temperature

    8.3.3.8

    Exhaust Temperature

    8.3.3.9

    Exhaust after Turbo Temperature

    8.3.3.10

    Additional Temperatures

    8.3.3.11

    Pressures

    8.3.4

    Measurement Location and Equipment

    8.3.4.1

    Condensation Trap

    8.3.4.2

    Coolant Pressure

    8.3.4.3

    Fuel Pressure

    8.3.4.4

    Oil Gallery Pressure

    8.3.4.5

    Intake Air Pressure

    8.3.4.6

    Intake Air after Compressor Pressure

    8.3.4.7

    Intake Manifold Pressure

    8.3.4.8

    Exhaust after Turbo Pressure

    8.3.4.9

    Crankcase Pressure

    8.3.4.10

    Additional Pressures

    8.3.4.11

    Flow Rates

    8.3.5

    Flow Rate Location and Measurement Equipment

    8.3.5.1

    Blowby

    8.3.5.2

    Fuel Flow

    8.3.5.3

    Engine/Stand Calibration and Non-Reference Coolant
       Tests

    9

    General

    9.1

    New Test Stand

    9.2

    New Test Stand Calibration

    9.2.1

    Stand Calibration Period

    9.3

    Stand Modification and Calibration Status

    9.4

    Test Numbering System

    9.5

    General

    9.5.1

    Reference Coolant Tests

    9.5.2

    Non-Reference Coolant Tests

    9.5.3

    Reference Coolant Test Acceptance

    9.6

    Reference Coolant Accountability

    9.7

    Last Start Date

    9.8

    Donated Reference Coolant Test Programs

    9.9

    Adjustments to Reference Coolant Calibration Periods

    9.10

    Procedure Development

    9.10.1

    Parts and Fuel Shortages

    9.10.2

    Reference Coolant Test Data Flow

    9.10.3

    Special Use of The Reference Coolant Calibration System

    9.10.4

    Procedure

    10

    Engine Installation and Stand Connections

    10.1

    Break-in

    10.2

    Coolant System Fill for Break-in

    10.2.1

    Oil Fill for Break-in

    10.2.2

    Engine Build Committed

    10.2.3

    Break-in Conditions

    10.2.4

    Shutdown during Break-in

    10.2.5

    250-Hour Test Procedure

    10.3

    Coolant System Fill for Test

    10.3.1

    Zero-Hour Coolant Sample

    10.3.1.1

    Oil Fill for Test

    10.3.2

    Zero-Hour Oil Sample

    10.3.2.1

    Warm-Up

    10.3.3

    Warm-up Conditions

    10.3.3.1

    Shutdown during Warm-up

    10.3.3.2

    20-Hour Steady State Extended Break-in

    10.3.4

    20-Hour Steady State Extended Break-in Conditions

    10.3.4.1

    Shutdown during 20-Hour Extended Break-in

    10.3.4.2

    230-Hour Cyclic

    10.4

    230-Hour Cyclic Conditions

    10.4.1

    Shutdown during 230-Hour Cyclic

    10.4.2

    Shutdown and Maintenance

    10.5

    Normal Shutdown

    10.5.1

    Emergency Shutdown

    10.5.2

    Maintenance

    10.5.3

    Downtime

    10.5.4

    Operating conditions

    10.6

    Stage Transition Times

    10.6.1

    Test Timer

    10.6.2

    Operational Data Acquisition

    10.6.3

    Operational Data Reporting

    10.6.4

    Coolant Sampling

    10.6.5

    Oil Sampling

    10.6.6

    End of Test (EOT)

    10.7

    Shutdown

    10.7.1

    Oil Drain

    10.7.2

    Coolant Drain

    10.7.3

    Engine Disassembly

    10.7.4

    Calculations, Ratings and Test Validity

    11

    Liner Pit Count

    11.1

    Coolant Analysis

    11.2

    Oil Analyses

    11.3

    Assessment of Operational Validity

    11.4

    Report

    12

    Report Forms

    12.1

    Reference Coolant Test

    12.2

    Electronic Transmission of Test Results

    12.3

    Precision and Bias

    13

    Precision

    13.1

    Intermediate Precision Conditions

    13.1.1

    Intermediate Precision Limit

    13.1.2

    Reproducibility Conditions

    13.2

    Reproducibility Limit

    13.2.1

    Bias

    13.3

    Keywords

    14

    Annexes

     

    Safety Precautions

    Annex A1

    Intake Air Aftercooler

    Annex A2

    Engine Build Parts Kit

    Annex A3

    Sensor Locations, Special Hardware, and Engine Block
       Modifications

    Annex A4

    Fuel Specifications

    Annex A5

    John Deere Service Publications

    Annex A6

    Specified Units and Formats

    Annex A7

    Report Forms and Data Dictionary

    Annex A8

    Coolant Analysis

    Annex A9

    Oil Analysis

    Annex A10

    Determination of Operational Validity

    Annex A11

    Typical System Configurations

    Appendix X1


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    D97 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products

    D130 Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test

    D235 Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent)

    D287 Test Method for API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products (Hydrometer Method)

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D482 Test Method for Ash from Petroleum Products

    D524 Test Method for Ramsbottom Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products

    D613 Test Method for Cetane Number of Diesel Fuel Oil

    D664 Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration

    D976 Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index of Distillate Fuels

    D1121 Test Method for Reserve Alkalinity of Engine Coolants and Antirusts

    D1177 Test Method for Freezing Point of Aqueous Engine Coolants

    D1287 Test Method for pH of Engine Coolants and Antirusts

    D1319 Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption

    D2274 Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Distillate Fuel Oil (Accelerated Method)

    D2500 Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products

    D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D2709 Test Method for Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge

    D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

    D4485 Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils

    D4737 Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation

    D5185 Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)

    D5302 Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Deposit Formation and Wear in a Spark-Ignition Internal Combustion Engine Fueled with Gasoline and Operated Under Low-Temperature, Light-Duty Conditions

    D5844 Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Rusting (Sequence IID)

    D5967 Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E202 Test Methods for Analysis of Ethylene Glycols and Propylene Glycols

    E344 Terminology Relating to Thermometry and Hydrometry


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 43.060.30 (Cooling systems. Lubricating systems)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 25174004(Engine coolant)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D7583-16

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7583-16, Standard Test Method for John Deere Coolant Cavitation Test, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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