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Significance and Use
5.1 This guide is intended as a means for obtaining an extract from mine rock and soil samples to measure cyanide content in the aqueous portion of the sample on a dry weight basis. Cyanide is analyzed in mine rock and soil extracts for measurement of cyanide concentration; however, improper sample collection and extraction can result in significant positive or negative bias.
5.2 This guide is designed to mobilize aqueous cyanides present in the solids, so that the resulting extract can be used to assess leachate that could potentially be produced from mine rock or soil.
5.3 This guide is not intended to simulate actual site leaching conditions.
5.4 This guide produces extracts that are amenable to the determination of trace cyanides. When trace cyanides are being determined, it is especially important that precautions be taken in sample preservation, storage, and handling to avoid possible contamination of the extracts.
5.5 This guide uses a comparative test method and is intended for use as a routine method for monitoring mine rock and soils. It is assumed that all who use this guide will be trained analysts capable of performing it skillfully and safely. It is expected that work will be performed in a properly equipped laboratory applying appropriate quality control practices such as those described in Guide D3856.
5.6 This guide identifies proper methods for obtaining mine rock and soil samples for the specific purpose of measuring cyanide concentrations.
1.1 This guide is applicable for the collection, extraction, and preservation of extracts from mine rock and soil samples for the analysis of cyanide in the extracts. Responsibilities of field sampling personnel and the laboratory are indicated.
1.2 The sampling, preservation, and extraction procedures described in this guide are recommended for the analysis of total cyanide, available cyanide, weak acid dissociable cyanide, and free cyanide by Test Methods D2036, D4282, D4374, D6888, D6994, D7237, and D7284. The information supplied in this guide can also be applied to other analytical methods for cyanide, for example, US EPA Method 335.4.
1.3 The procedure options methods appear in the following order:
11 and 12
13 and 14
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1293 Test Methods for pH of Water
D2036 Test Methods for Cyanides in Water
D3694 Practices for Preparation of Sample Containers and for Preservation of Organic Constituents
D3856 Guide for Management Systems in Laboratories Engaged in Analysis of Water
D4282 Test Method for Determination of Free Cyanide in Water and Wastewater by Microdiffusion
D4374 Test Methods for Cyanides in Water--Automated Methods for Total Cyanide, Weak Acid Dissociable Cyanide, and Thiocyanate
D4840 Guide for Sample Chain-of-Custody Procedures
D4841 Practice for Estimation of Holding Time for Water Samples Containing Organic and Inorganic Constituents
D5847 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
D6696 Guide for Understanding Cyanide Species
D6888 Test Method for Available Cyanide with Ligand Displacement and Flow Injection Analysis (FIA) Utilizing Gas Diffusion Separation and Amperometric Detection
D6994 Test Method for Determination of Metal Cyanide Complexes in Wastewater, Surface Water, Groundwater and Drinking Water Using Anion Exchange Chromatography with UV Detection
D7237 Test Method for Free Cyanide with Flow Injection Analysis (FIA) Utilizing Gas Diffusion Separation and Amperometric Detection
D7284 Test Method for Total Cyanide in Water by Micro Distillation followed by Flow Injection Analysis with Gas Diffusion Separation and Amperometric Detection
D7365 Practice for Sampling, Preservation and Mitigating Interferences in Water Samples for Analysis of Cyanide
D7511 Test Method for Total Cyanide by Segmented Flow Injection Analysis, In-Line Ultraviolet Digestion and Amperometric Detection
U.S. EPA MethodsEPAMethod335.2 Cyanide, Total (Titrimetric; Spectrophotometric) EPAMethod335.4 Determination of Total Cyanide by Semi-Automated Colorimetry EPAOIA-1677 Available Cyanide in Water
ICS Number Code 73.080 (Non-metalliferrous minerals)
UNSPSC Code 11111501(Soil)
ASTM D7572-13, Standard Guide for Recovery of Aqueous Cyanides by Extraction from Mine Rock and Soil, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.orgBack to Top