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Significance and Use
The complex shear modulus of bituminous mixtures is a fundamental property of the material. Test results at critical temperatures (Tcritical) are used for specifications for some mixes. Mixtures with stiffer binders, aged mixtures, mixtures with higher amounts of fines (material finer than 75µ), and mixtures with lower voids all tend to have higher complex shear modulus values than mixtures with less stiff binders, unaged mixes, mixtures with low levels of fines and higher air voids. In general, mixtures with higher complex shear modulus values at a given service temperature will exhibit lower permanent deformation values than similar mixtures tested at the same temperature that have lower complex shear modulus values.
Note 2—The quality of the results produced by this standard are dependent on the competence of the personnel performing the procedure and the capability, calibration, and maintenance of the equipment used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Standard Practice D 3666
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the complex shear modulus of bituminous mixtures using torsion rectangular geometry on a dynamic shear rheometer (DSR). It is applicable to bituminous mixtures having complex shear modulus values greater than 1 × 104 Pa when tested over a range of temperatures from 10°C to 76°C at frequencies of 0.01 to 25 Hz and strains of 0.001 % to 0.1 %. The determination of complex shear modulus is typically determined at 20°C to 70°C at 0.01% strain at 10 discrete frequency values covering 0.01 to 10 Hz. From these data, temperature or frequency master curves can be generated as required. This test method is intended for determining the complex shear modulus of bituminous mixtures as required for specification testing or quality control of bituminous mixture production.
1.2 This test method is appropriate for laboratory prepared and compacted mixtures, field produced and laboratory compacted mixtures or field cores, regardless of binder type or grade and regardless of whether RAP is used in the mixture. Due to the geometry of the specimens being tested this test method is not applicable to open-graded or SMA mixtures. It has been found to be appropriate for dense-graded mixtures, whether coarse- or fine-graded, with 19 mm or smaller nominal maximum aggregate size.
1.3 The between-laboratory reproducibility of this test method is being determined and will be available on or before June 2012. Therefore, this test method should not be used for acceptance or rejection of materials for purchasing purposes.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials
D140 Practice for Sampling Bituminous Materials
D2041 Test Method for Theoretical Maximum Specific Gravity and Density of Bituminous Paving Mixtures
D2726 Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Non-Absorptive Compacted Bituminous Mixtures
D3203 Test Method for Percent Air Voids in Compacted Dense and Open Bituminous Paving Mixtures
D3666 Specification for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Testing and Inspecting Road and Paving Materials
D6752 Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures Using Automatic Vacuum Sealing Method
D6857 Test Method for Maximum Specific Gravity and Density of Bituminous Paving Mixtures Using Automatic Vacuum Sealing Method
D6925 Test Method for Preparation and Determination of the Relative Density of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Specimens by Means of the Superpave Gyratory Compactor
D6926 Practice for Preparation of Bituminous Specimens Using Marshall Apparatus
D7175 Test Method for Determining the Rheological Properties of Asphalt Binder Using a Dynamic Shear Rheometer
D7312 Test Method for Determining the Permanent Shear Strain and Complex Shear Modulus of Asphalt Mixtures Using the Superpave Shear Tester (SST)
E77 Test Method for Inspection and Verification of Thermometers
E563 Practice for Preparation and Use of an Ice-Point Bath as a Reference Temperature
E644 Test Methods for Testing Industrial Resistance Thermometers
Other StandardsDINStandard43760 Standard for Calibration of Platinum Resistance Thermometers Available from Beuth Verlag GmbH (DIN-- DIN Deutsches Institut fur Normung e.V.), Burggrafenstrasse 6, 10787, Berlin, Germany, http://www.en.din.de.
ICS Number Code 75.140 (Waxes, bituminous materials and other petroleum products); 91.100.50 (Binders. Sealing materials)
UNSPSC Code 30121500(Bituminous derivatives); 41110000(Measuring and observing and testing instruments)