Significance and Use
The drying rate of organic coatings varies with changes in temperature, air flow, and relative humidity. In particular, the drying rate of waterborne paints depends on the evaporation of water and thus is much more dependent on relative humidity than are solvent based paints or paints that are 100 % solids. Measurement of the rate of drying of waterborne paints under ambient conditions in laboratories cannot be adequately replicated without some control of the drying conditions. A test chamber will be described that provides a means of controlling relative humidity above ambient humidity and minimizing the effects of air flow variability at ambient room temperatures. If desired, the test chamber without water in it and with vents wide open can be placed in a temperature and humidity controlled room to test dry speed at various temperatures as well as humidity while using the chamber to minimize the effect of air flow.
This practice is particularly useful for testing the drying rate of waterborne pavement marking (traffic) paints where fast dry at elevated ambient humidity is an important feature. For waterborne traffic paints, the test chamber can be used to evaluate dry to no-pick-up (Test Method D711) and water wash-off resistance (Practices D7377 and D7538) at elevated ambient humidity.
1.1 Specification D3924 defines a standard environment of 23 ± 2°C and 50 ± 5 % relative humidity and free from drafts for normal conditioning and testing of paint, varnish, lacquer, and related materials. This practice describes a test chamber that allows for control of relative humidity above the ambient relative humidity and minimization of air flow for conditioning of test panels at elevated relative humidity and room temperatures.
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D711 Test Method for No-Pick-Up Time of Traffic Paint
D1640 Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature
D3924 Specification for Environment for Conditioning and Testing Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Materials
D7377 Practice for Evaluating the Water Wash-Off Resistance of Traffic Paints using a Water Faucet
D7538 Practice for Evaluating the Water Wash-Off Resistance of Traffic Paints Using an Atomizing Spray Device
TT-P-1952E Federal Specification for Paint, Traffic and Airfield Marking, Waterborne (10 July 2007)
drying rate or drying time; dry through; no-pick-up; relative humidity; test chamber; washout resistance; waterborne traffic paint;
ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes); 93.080.30 (Road equipment and installations)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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