Significance and Use
The quantitative determination of antioxidants in new greases measures the amount of the chemical compounds that were added to the base oil as protection against grease oxidation. For in-service oil greases, the voltammetric test method measures the amount of original (individual) antioxidants remaining after grease oxidation have reduced its concentration. Before making final judgment on the remaining useful life of the in-service grease, which might result in the replacement of the grease reservoir, it is advised to perform additional analytical techniques, such as Test Method D942 and D5483, which may be used to measure the remaining oxidative life of the used grease.
4.1.1 This test method is applicable to mineral oil-based and synthetic oil-based greases, based on all type of applied thickeners. This test method is applicable to greases containing at least one type of antioxidant. The presence of other types of additives like corrosion inhibitors or metal deactivators will not interfere with this test method.
1.1 This test method covers the voltammetric determination of antioxidants in new or in-service lubricating greases in concentrations from 0.0075 weight percent up to concentrations found in new greases by measuring the amount of current flow at a specified voltage in the produced voltammogram.
1.2 This test method is intended to monitor the antioxidant content in lubricating greases; it cannot be applied for lubricating greases that do not contain antioxidants.
1.3 This test method is designed to allow the user to monitor the antioxidant depletion rate of in-service greases through its life cycle as part of condition monitoring programs. This test method is performed in order to collect and trend early signs of deteriorating lubricant grease, and it may be used as a guide for the direction of any required maintenance activities. This will ensure a safe, reliable, and cost-effective operation of the monitored plant equipment.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D942 Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Lubricating Greases by the Oxygen Pressure Vessel Method
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D5483 Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Greases by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
D6810 Test Method for Measurement of Hindered Phenolic Antioxidant Content in Non-Zinc Turbine Oils by Linear Sweep Voltammetry
D6971 Test Method for Measurement of Hindered Phenolic and Aromatic Amine Antioxidant Content in Non-zinc Turbine Oils by Linear Sweep Voltammetry
2,6-di-tert-butyl-4methylphenol; 2,6-di-tert-butylphenol; alkylated diphenylamine; aromatic amine antioxidant; grease; hindered phenol antioxidant; linear sweep voltammetry; phenyl alpha naphthylamine;
ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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