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Significance and Use
5.1 Determining the type and amount of hydrocarbon impurities remaining from the manufacture of toluene, mixed xylenes, p-xylene, o-xylene, ethylbenzene, benzene, and styrene used as chemical intermediates and solvents is often required. This test method is suitable for setting specifications and for use as an internal quality control tool where these products are produced or are used. Typical impurities are: alkanes containing 1 to 10 carbons atoms, benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene (EB), xylenes, and aromatic hydrocarbons containing nine carbon atoms or more.
5.2 This method may not detect all components and there may be unknown components that would be assigned inappropriate response factors and thus, the results may not be absolute.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of total nonaromatic hydrocarbons and monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p-xylene, o-xylene, styrene and mixed xylenes by gas chromatography. The purity of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p-xylene, o-xylene, styrene and mixed xylenes is also calculated. Similar test methods, using the internal standard calibration technique and the external standard calibration technique, are Test Methods , , , , , , and respectively.
1.2 A small amount of benzene in toluene, ethylbenzene, p-xylene, o-xylene, styrene and mixed xylenes may not be distinguished from the non-aromatics and the concentrations are determined as a composite (see ).
1.3 The limit of detection (LOD) is 0.0002 wt % and limit of quantitation (LOQ) is 0.0006 wt % for impurities in toluene, mixed xylenes, p-xylene, o-xylene, ethylbenzene, benzene, and styrene.
1.4 In determining the conformance of the test results using this method to applicable specifications, results shall be rounded off in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice .
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D841 Specification for Nitration Grade Toluene
D1555M Test Method for Calculation of Volume and Weight of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Cyclohexane [Metric]
D2360 Test Method for Trace Impurities in Monocyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Gas Chromatography
D3437 Practice for Sampling and Handling Liquid Cyclic Products
D3797 Test Method for Analysis of o-Xylene by Gas Chromatography
D4492 Test Method for Analysis of Benzene by Gas Chromatography
D5060 Test Method for Determining Impurities in High-Purity Ethylbenzene by Gas Chromatography
D5135 Test Method for Analysis of Styrene by Capillary Gas Chromatography
D5136 Specification for High Purity p-Xylene
D5211 Specification for Xylenes for p-Xylene Feedstock
D5917 Test Method for Trace Impurities in Monocyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Gas Chromatography and External Calibration
D6229 Test Method for Trace Benzene in Hydrocarbon Solvents by Capillary Gas Chromatography
D6563 Test Method for Benzene, Toluene, Xylene (BTX) Concentrates Analysis by Gas Chromatography
D6809 Guide for Quality Control and Quality Assurance Procedures for Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Materials
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E260 Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography
E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
E1510 Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs
ICS Number Code 71.080.15 (Aromatic hydrocarbons)
UNSPSC Code 12352005(Aromatic or heterocyclic compounds)
ASTM D7504-15, Standard Test Method for Trace Impurities in Monocyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Gas Chromatography and Effective Carbon Number, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.orgBack to Top