ASTM D7485 - 09

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Nonylphenol, p-tert-Octylphenol, Nonylphenol Monoethoxylate and Nonylphenol Diethoxylate in Environmental Waters by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry

    Active Standard ASTM D7485 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.02


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    ASTM D7485

    Significance and Use

    NP and OP have been shown to have toxic effects in aquatic organisms. The source of NP and OP is prominently from the use of common commercial surfactants. The most widely used surfactant is nonylphenol ethoxylate (NPEO) which has an average ethoxylate chain length of nine. The ethoxylate chain is readily biodegraded to form NP1EO, NP2EO, nonylphenol carboxylate (NPEC) and, under anaerobic conditions, NP. NP will also biodegrade, but may be released into environmental waters directly at trace levels. This method has been investigated and is applicable for environmental waters, including seawater.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of nonylphenol (NP), nonylphenol ethoxylate (NP1EO), nonylphenol diethoxylate (NP2EO), and octylphenol (OP), extracted from water utilizing solid phase extraction (SPE), separated using liquid chromatography (LC) and detected with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). These compounds are qualitatively and quantitatively determined by this method. This method adheres to single reaction monitoring (SRM) mass spectrometry.

    1.2 The method detection limit (MDL) and reporting limit (RL) for NP, NP1EO, NP2EO, and OP are listed in Table 1.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    TABLE 1 MDL and Reporting Limits

    AnalyteMDLA
    (ng/L)
    Reporting RangeB
    (ng/L)
    NP33100-2000
    NP1EO9100-2000
    NP2EO9100-2000
    OP24100-2000

    A MDL Determined Following The Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR Part 136, Appendix B.

    B Lowest Point of the Reporting Range is Calculated from the LV 1 Concentration Calibration Standard in Table 4.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water

    D3694 Practices for Preparation of Sample Containers and for Preservation of Organic Constituents

    D3856 Guide for Management Systems in Laboratories Engaged in Analysis of Water

    D5847 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis

    D5905 Practice for the Preparation of Substitute Wastewater


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/D7485-09

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