Significance and Use
4.1 These test methods are applicable to specimens with or without specific conditioning regimens. Tests are permitted to be performed on specimens that are not at moisture equilibrium, such as under production conditions in a plant, or on specimens that have been conditioned to specified moisture content or durability conditioning prior to testing.
4.2 These test methods can be used as follows:
4.2.1 To standardize the determination of strength properties for the material and joint being tested.
4.2.2 To investigate the effect of parameters that may influence the structural capacity of the joint, such as joint profile, adhesive type, moisture content, temperature, and strength-reducing characteristics in the assembly.
4.3 These test methods do not intend to address all possible exposure or performance expectations of end-joints. The following are some performance characteristics not considered:
4.3.1 Long-term strength and permanence of the wood adhesive.
4.3.2 Time dependent mechanical properties of the joint.
4.3.3 Elevated temperature performance of the joint.
1.1 This standard provides test methods for evaluating the structural capacity and integrity of end-joints in structural wood products.
1.2 End-joints are manufactured by adhesive bonding of machined, mated surfaces at the ends of two pieces of lumber to form a joint. Typical end-joint configurations include finger joints and scarf joints. The combination of one or more end-joints and the adjoining sections of the structural wood product within the assembly is considered to be the test specimen.
1.3 Off-line test methods include: (1) Axial Tension, (2) Bending, and (3) Cyclic Delamination.
1.4 In-line test methods include: (1) Tension Proofload and (2) Bending Proofload.
1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D9 Terminology Relating to Wood and Wood-Based Products
D198 Test Methods of Static Tests of Lumber in Structural Sizes
D1101 Test Methods for Integrity of Adhesive Joints in Structural Laminated Wood Products for Exterior Use
D1151 Practice for Effect of Moisture and Temperature on Adhesive Bonds
D1183 Practices for Resistance of Adhesives to Cyclic Laboratory Aging Conditions
D2559 Specification for Adhesives for Bonded Structural Wood Products for Use Under Exterior Exposure Conditions
D2915 Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products
D3434 Test Method for Multiple-Cycle Accelerated Aging Test (Automatic Boil Test) for Exterior Wet Use Wood Adhesives
D4442 Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
D4444 Test Method for Laboratory Standardization and Calibration of Hand-Held Moisture Meters
D4688 Test Method for Evaluating Structural Adhesives for Finger Jointing Lumber
D4761 Test Methods for Mechanical Properties of Lumber and Wood-Base Structural Material
D5456 Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
D7247 Test Method for Evaluating the Shear Strength of Adhesive Bonds in Laminated Wood Products at Elevated Temperatures
E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines
E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
cyclic delamination; end-joint; finger joint; lumber; mechanical properties; proofloading; scarf joint; strength;
ICS Number Code 91.080.20 (Timber structures)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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