ASTM D7428 - 08e1

    Standard Test Method for Resistance of Fine Aggregate to Degradation by Abrasion in the Micro-Deval Apparatus

    Active Standard ASTM D7428 | Developed by Subcommittee: D04.51

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.03


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    Significance and Use

    The Micro-Deval abrasion test is a test of fine aggregate to determine abrasion loss in the presence of water and an abrasive charge. Many aggregates are more susceptible to abrasion when wet than dry, and the use of water in this test incorporates this reduction in resistance to degradation. The test results are helpful in evaluating the toughness/abrasion resistance of fine aggregate subject to abrasion when adequate information is not available from service records. This test is suitable for measuring the amount of weak, soft material such as shale or shaley carbonate in fine aggregate. Materials that give a low loss in this test are unlikely to exhibit significant degradation during handling, mixing or placing. There is a relationship between drying shrinkage of cement mortar and Micro-Deval abrasion loss of fine aggregate, with higher loss materials resulting in higher drying shrinkage. Descriptions of the development of the test and the relationship with other properties have been published. , ,

    The Micro-Deval abrasion test on fine aggregate is useful for detecting changes in properties of aggregate produced from an aggregate source as part of a quality control or quality assurance process.

    The Micro-Deval abrasion test on fine aggregate, in contrast to the version on coarse aggregate, has a significant correlation with the Magnesium Sulfate soundness loss of fine aggregate. The Micro-Deval test on fine aggregate has better precision than the sulfate soundness test, is quicker, and may be used in place of that test. Advice on specific values for selection of aggregate will be found in the appendix.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a procedure for testing fine aggregate for resistance to abrasion using the Micro-Deval apparatus.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.3 The text of this method references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the test method.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C88 Test Method for Soundness of Aggregates by Use of Sodium Sulfate or Magnesium Sulfate

    C117 Test Method for Materials Finer than 75-m (No. 200) Sieve in Mineral Aggregates by Washing

    C136 Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates

    C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials

    D6928 Test Method for Resistance of Coarse Aggregate to Degradation by Abrasion in the Micro-Deval Apparatus

    E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30111800(Aggregates)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D7428-08E01

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7428-08e1, Standard Test Method for Resistance of Fine Aggregate to Degradation by Abrasion in the Micro-Deval Apparatus, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2008, www.astm.org

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