ASTM D7401 - 08

    Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Rock Anchor Capacities by Pull and Drop Tests

    Active Standard ASTM D7401 | Developed by Subcommittee: D18.12

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.09


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    Significance and Use

    For a support system to be fully effective, the support system must be able to contain the movement of rock material due to excavation stress release, slabbing, etc. Data from the load tests are used by engineers to design the appropriate support system to improve safety and stability of underground support systems. Test Methods D 4435 and D 4436 are used for in-situ load tests.

    The local characteristics of the rock, such as roughness and induced fractures, are significant factors in the anchor strength. The material used to simulate the borehole surface should be sufficiently roughened so that failure occurs in the rock anchor and not at the simulated anchor-rock surface. In the case of steel pipe, internal threading using different spacing and depth is accomplished using a machinists lathe to simulate roughness.

    Note 1—The quality of the result produced by this standard is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it, and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice D 3740 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing/sampling/inspection/etc. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Practice D 3740 does not in itself assure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; Practice D 3740 provides a means of evaluating some of these factors.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the quantitative determination of the working and ultimate static or dynamic capacities of full scale rock anchors. Dynamic capacities are determined to simulate rockburst and blasting conditions (1). The rock anchors are installed in steel pipe to simulate standard boreholes sizes. Rock anchor capacities are determined as a function of resin to steel bolt bond strength and steel bolt yield strength. These tests are not intended to determine rock anchor to borehole rock surface shear strength.

    1.2 These test methods are applicable to mechanical, resin, or other similar anchor systems.

    1.3 Two methods are provided to determine the capacities of rock anchors, as follows:

    1.3.1 Method AUsing a horizontal hydraulically loaded pull test system.

    1.3.2 Method BUsing a vertical dynamically loaded drop test system.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D 6026.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction

    D4435 Test Method for Rock Bolt Anchor Pull Test

    D4436 Test Method for Rock Bolt Long-Term Load Retention Test

    D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 93.020 (Earth works. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/D7401-08

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