ASTM D740 - 11

    Standard Specification for Methyl Ethyl Ketone

    Active Standard ASTM D740 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.35

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.04


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    Abstract

    This specification covers two types of methyl ethyl ketone (or 2-butanone), namely: Type I (regular grade) and Type II (urethane grade), that are used primarily as solvents in lacquers and industrial coatings, but also in adhesives, printing inks, lube oil dewaxing, and as chemical intermediates. The physical and chemical properties of methyl ethyl ketone shall conform to the requirements specified for the following: (1) acidity, (2) weight percentage of alcohol, (3) color (Pt-Co scale), (4) distillation range defined by the initial boiling point and dry point, (5) nonvolatile matter content, (6) purity, (7) apparent specific gravity, and (8) weight percentage of water. The sampling and test methods for determining conformance to the specified physical and chemical properties are given.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    Significance and Use

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers two types of methyl ethyl ketone that are used primarily as solvents in lacquers and industrial coatings, but also in adhesives, printing inks, lube oil dewaxing, and as chemical intermediates.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 The following applies to all specified limits in this standard; for purposes of determining conformance with this standard, an observed value or a calculated value shall be rounded off "to the nearest unit" in the last right-hand digit used in expressing the specification limit, in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E 29.

    1.4 For specific hazard information and guidance, see the supplier's Material Safety Data Sheet for materials listed in this specification.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D268 Guide for Sampling and Testing Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates for Use in Paint and Related Coatings and Material

    D1078 Test Method for Distillation Range of Volatile Organic Liquids

    D1209 Test Method for Color of Clear Liquids (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)

    D1353 Test Method for Nonvolatile Matter in Volatile Solvents for Use in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

    D1364 Test Method for Water in Volatile Solvents (Karl Fischer Reagent Titration Method)

    D1613 Test Method for Acidity in Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates Used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

    D2804 Test Method for Purity of Methyl Ethyl Ketone By Gas Chromatography

    D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

    D5386 Test Method for Color of Liquids Using Tristimulus Colorimetry

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals

    U.S. Federal Specification

    PPP-C-2020 Chemicals, Liquid, Dry, and Paste: Packaging of Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4, Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098, http://dodssp.daps.dla.mil.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.080.80 (Aldehydes and ketones); 87.060.30 (Solvents)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12352115(Ketones or quinones or its substitutes)


    DOI: 10.1520/D0740-11

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