Significance and Use
This guide can be used to evaluate the performance of a laboratory or group of laboratories participating in an interlaboratory proficiency test (PT) program involving petroleum and petroleum products.
Data accrued, using the techniques included in this guide, provide the ability to monitor analytical measurement system precision and bias. These data are useful for updating standard test methods, as well as for indicating areas of potential measurement system improvement for action by the laboratory. This guide serves both the individual participating laboratory and the responsible standards development group as follows:
5.2.1 Tools and Approaches for Participating Laboratories.
Flagged Data and Investigations
Data Normality Checks
Bias (Deviation from Mean)
PTP and Site Precision Comparisons
5.2.2 Tools and Approaches for Responsible Standards Development Groups.
TPI and precision trends
Bias via box & whisker plots
Relative standard deviations
Reference is made in this guide to the ASTM International Interlaboratory Cross-Check Program (ILCP) on Petroleum Products and Lubricants. Program reports containing similarly displayed results and statistical treatments may be available in other PT programs. Appendix X2 summarizes the statistical tools referenced in this guide and Appendix X3 is a collection of examples covering many of the approaches described in this guide.
1.1 This guide covers the analysis and interpretation of proficiency test (PT) program results. For participants in interlaboratory proficiency test (PT) (or crosscheck, check scheme, etc.) programs, this guide describes procedures for assessing participants' results relative to the PT program results and potentially improving the laboratory's testing performance based on the assessment findings and insights. For the committees responsible for the test methods included in interlaboratory proficiency testing programs, this guide describes procedures for assessing industry's ability to perform test methods and for potentially identifying needs for method improvement.
1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1266 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (Lamp Method)
D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
D4294 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
D4951 Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
D5185 Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
D5453 Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
D6259 Practice for Determination of a Pooled Limit of Quantitation
D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
D6617 Practice for Laboratory Bias Detection Using Single Test Result from Standard Material
D6792 Practice for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
D7039 Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline and Diesel Fuel by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
E2655 Guide for Reporting Uncertainty of Test Results and Use of the Term Measurement Uncertainty in ASTM Test Methods
proficiency testing; quality control; test performance index; Z-score;
ICS Number Code 11.100.01 (Laboratory medicine in general)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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