ASTM D7343 - 12

    Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants

    Active Standard ASTM D7343 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.04


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    Significance and Use

    3.1 Accurate elemental analyses of samples of petroleum and petroleum products are required for the determination of chemical properties, which are in turn used to establish compliance with commercial and regulatory specifications.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers information relating to sampling, calibration and validation of X-ray fluorescence instruments for elemental analysis, including all kinds of wavelength dispersive (WDXRF) and energy dispersive (EDXRF) techniques. This practice includes sampling issues such as the selection of storage vessels, transportation, and sub-sampling. Treatment, assembly, and handling of technique-specific sample holders and cups are also included. Technique-specific requirements during analytical measurement and validation of measurement for the determination of trace elements in samples of petroleum and petroleum products are described. For sample mixing, refer to Practice D5854. Petroleum products covered in this practice are considered to be a single phase and exhibit Newtonian characteristics at the point of sampling.

    1.2 Applicable Test Methods—This practice is applicable to the XRF methods under the jurisdiction of ASTM Subcommittee D02.03 on Elemental Analysis, and those under the jurisdiction of the Energy Institute’s Test Method Standardization Committee (Table 1). Some of these methods are technically equivalent though they may differ in details (Table 2).

    TABLE 1 XRF Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants

    Technique

    Analysis

    ASTM

    EI

    WD-XRF

    Sulfur in Petroleum Products

    D2622

     

     

    Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils and Additives

    D4927

    IP 407

     

    Lead in Gasoline

    D5059

    IP 228

     

    Lead in Gasoline

     

    IP 489

     

    Sulfur in Gasoline

    D6334

     

     

    Additive Elements in Lube Oils and Additives

    D6443

     

     

    Vanadium and Nickel

     

    IP 433

     

    Sulfur

     

    IP 447

     

    Sulfur in Automotive Fuels

     

    IP 497

     

    Chlorine and Bromine

     

    IP 503

     

    Sulfur in Ethanol as Blending Agent

     

    IP 553

     

    Si, Cr, Ni, Fe, and Cu in Used Greases

     

    IP 560

     

    Several Metals in Burner Fuels Derived from Waste Mineral Oils

     

    IP 593

    MWD-XRF

    Sulfur in Gasoline and Diesel

    D7039

     

     

    Silicon in Gasoline and Naphtha

    D7757

     

    ED-XRF

    Sulfur in Petroleum Products

    D4294

    IP 336

     

    Sulfur in Gasoline

    D6445

     

     

    Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils

    D6481

     

     

    Sulfur in Automotive Fuels

    D7212

    IP 531

     

    Sulfur in Automotive Fuels

    D7220

    IP 532

     

    Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils

    D7751

     

     

    Lead in Gasoline

     

    IP 352

     

    Sulfur in Automotive Fuels

     

    IP 496

     

    Low Sulfur in Automotive Fuels

     

    IP 600


    TABLE 2 Technically Equivalent XRF Test Methods for Petroleum Products and LubricantsA

    Analysis

    ASTM

    EI

    Other

    Sulfur by WD-XRF

    D2622

     

    DIN 51400T6;
    JIS K3541

    Additive Elements by WE-XRF

    D4927

    IP 407

    DIN 51391T2

    Lead in Gasoline

    D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4294 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D4927 Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components--Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy

    D5059 Test Methods for Lead in Gasoline by X-Ray Spectroscopy

    D5842 Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement

    D5854 Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    D6334 Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence

    D6443 Test Method for Determination of Calcium, Chlorine, Copper, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils and Additives by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (Mathematical Correction Procedure)

    D6445 Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D6481 Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus, Sulfur, Calcium, and Zinc in Lubrication Oils by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy

    D7039 Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline and Diesel Fuel by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D7212 Test Method for Low Sulfur in Automotive Fuels by Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using a Low-Background Proportional Counter

    D7220 Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D7751 Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis

    D7757 Test Method for Silicon in Gasoline and Related Products by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101500(Petroleum and distillates); 15120000(Lubricants and oils and greases and anti corrosives)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D7343-12

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7343-12, Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.org

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