ASTM D7284 - 13

    Standard Test Method for Total Cyanide in Water by Micro Distillation followed by Flow Injection Analysis with Gas Diffusion Separation and Amperometric Detection

    Active Standard ASTM D7284 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Cyanide and hydrogen cyanide are highly toxic. Regulations have been established to require the monitoring of cyanide in industrial and domestic wastes and surface waters.3

    5.2 This test method is applicable for natural waters, industrial wastewaters and effluents.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method is used to determine the concentration of total cyanide in an aqueous wastewater or effluent. The method detects the cyanides that are free (HCN and CN-) and strong-metal-cyanide complexes that dissociate and release free cyanide when refluxed under strongly acidic conditions.

    1.2 This method may not be applicable to process solutions from precious metals mining operations.

    1.3 This procedure is applicable over a range of approximately 2 to 500 μg/L (parts per billion) total cyanide. Higher concentrations can be measured with sample dilution or lower injection volume.

    1.4 The determinative step of this method utilizes flow injection with amperometric detection based on Test Method D6888. Prior to analysis, samples must be distilled with a micro-distillation apparatus described in this test method or with a suitable cyanide distillation apparatus specified in Test Methods D2036.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in 8.6 and Section 9.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D2036 Test Methods for Cyanides in Water

    D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water

    D3856 Guide for Management Systems in Laboratories Engaged in Analysis of Water

    D5847 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis

    D6696 Guide for Understanding Cyanide Species

    D6888 Test Method for Available Cyanide with Ligand Displacement and Flow Injection Analysis (FIA) Utilizing Gas Diffusion Separation and Amperometric Detection

    D7365 Practice for Sampling, Preservation and Mitigating Interferences in Water Samples for Analysis of Cyanide

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12352117(Cyanides or isocyanides)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D7284

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7284-13, Standard Test Method for Total Cyanide in Water by Micro Distillation followed by Flow Injection Analysis with Gas Diffusion Separation and Amperometric Detection, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.org

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