Active Standard ASTM D7255 | Developed by Subcommittee: D31.07
Book of Standards Volume: 15.04
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
The resistance of leather to abrasion, as measured on a testing machine in the laboratory, is generally only one of several factors contributing to wear performance or durability as experienced in the actual use of the material. While “abrasion resistance” (often stated in terms of the number of abrasion cycles) and “durability” (defined as the ability to withstand deterioration or wear out in use, including the effects of abrasion) are frequently related, the relationship varies with different end uses and different factors may be necessary in any calculation of predicted durability from specific abrasion data. This test method provides a comparative ranking of material performance, which can be used as an indication of relative end-use performance.
The resistance of leather to abrasion may be affected by factors including test conditions, type of abradant, pressure between the specimen and abradant, mounting or tension of the specimen, and type, kind, or amount of finishing materials.
Abrasion tests utilizing the rotary platform, double-head tester may be subject to variation due to changes in the abradant during specific tests. Depending on abradant type and test specimen, the wheel surface may change (that is, become clogged) due to the pick up of finishing or other materials from test specimens and must be cleaned at regularly defined intervals.
The measurement of the relative amount of abrasion may also be affected by the method of evaluation and may be influenced by the judgment of the operator.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the abrasion resistance of leather using the rotary platform, double-head tester (RPDH).
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1517 Terminology Relating to Leather
D1610 Practice for Conditioning Leather and Leather Products for Testing
D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness
D2813 Practice for Sampling Leather for Physical and Chemical Tests
ICS Number Code 59.140.01 (Leather technology in general)
UNSPSC Code 11162300(Leathers); 41114601(Abrasion testers)