Significance and Use
In the determination of VOC, cure water is treated as a VOC in other test methods, as these methods are unable to account for cure water. This test method allows taking credit for cure water as total water is measured, a value which includes cure water.
Total water content and volatile content results obtained with this method may be used in Practice D 3960 to calculate VOC of the coating.
1.1 This test method is designed to measure total water which includes cure water resulting from the heat induced condensation reaction of coatings. Cure water cannot be measured directly by Test Method D 4017. This task is accomplished by measuring water content in the vapors evolved during heating. This test method will yield total water content. This test method also permits for the simultaneous determination of total volatile content. The results of this test method may be used to calculate VOC content. Although this test method was designed for phenolic coatings, it can be used with other types of coatings.
1.2 Materials used for method development and evaluation had total water values from 20 to 37 %. Use of this test method on coatings outside these values will need to be validated by the user.
1.3 Sample heating is accomplished with a Brinkmann Instruments Model 832 drying oven, or other mutually agreed upon alternative, passing all of the evolved vapors into a Karl Fischer titration vessel.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D3925 Practice for Sampling Liquid Paints and Related Pigmented Coatings
D3960 Practice for Determining Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content of Paints and Related Coatings
D4017 Test Method for Water in Paints and Paint Materials by Karl Fischer Method
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
condensation reaction; cure water; drying oven; Karl Fischer; total water; VOC ; volatile; volatile organic content; Condensation; Drying oven; Liquid coatings; Volatile organic compounds (VOC);
ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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