This specification establishes the requirements for finished parts machined from unplasticized polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) homopolymers containing regrind and recycled polymer intended for general commercial use. This specification does not cover parts machined from PCTFE copolymers, PCTFE films or tapes, or modified PCTFE containing pigments or plasticizers. Nor does it cover PCTFE parts used in aerospace applications involving storage and handling of oxygen media, air media, inert media, and certain reactive media (specifically ammonia, gaseous hydrogen, and liquid hydrogen), wherein dimensional stability, high molecular weight, molecular weight retention, and crystallinity control are important considerations. Materials shall be tested on and conform accordingly to the following properties: specific gravity; melting point; deformation under load; zero strength time (ZST); annealing performance; and dimensional stability.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification is intended to be a means of calling out finished machined parts ready for commercial use.
1.2 This specification establishes requirements for parts machined from unplasticized, 100 % polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) homopolymers.
1.3 This specification does not cover parts machined from PCTFE copolymers, PCTFE film or tape less than 0.25-mm (0.010-in.) thick, or modified PCTFE (containing pigments or plasticizers).
1.4 This specification allows for parts containing regrind and recycled material.
1.5 The specification does not cover PCTFE parts used in aerospace applications involving storage and handling of oxygen media, air media, inert media, and certain reactive media (specifically ammonia, gaseous hydrogen, and liquid hydrogen), in which dimensional stability, high molecular weight, molecular weight retention, and crystallinity control are important considerations. For aerospace grade, machined PCTFE parts, use Specification D7194.
1.6 Application—PCTFE parts covered by this specification are made of 100 % PCTFE resin, free of plasticizers, fillers, or other additives. The parts meet specific physical characteristics appropriate for their end use, and are typically used in applications requiring good electrical properties or resistance to aggressive chemical media. General purpose PCTFE parts include seals, gaskets, valve and pump parts (cryogenic and noncryogenic), translucent tubing, sight glasses, flowmeter tubes, heavy-walled solid pipes and fittings, gears, cams, bearings, laboratory ware, circuit boards, electrical connector covers and switches, radome covers, and a variety of other stock shapes. They are removed and replaced during normal maintenance procedures. The parts also experience static or dynamic mechanical loading, and temperatures ranging from cryogenic to temperatures at or above the glass transition temperature, Tg = 55°C (131°F).
—Quick-quenched PCTFE will potentially exhibit dimensional relaxation in the vicinity of Tg.
—Although no recommendations are made regarding the limiting upper use temperature of PCTFE, the heat deflection temperature of PCTFE as determined by Test Method D648 is 126°C (259°F).
1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.
1.8 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 11, of this specification:This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
—There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D621 Specification for Jute Rove and Plied Yarn for Electrical and Packing Purposes
D648 Test Method for Deflection Temperature of Plastics Under Flexural Load in the Edgewise Position
D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1430 Classification System for Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) Plastics
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D2117 Test Methods for Carbon Black--Surface Area by Nitrogen Adsorption
D4591 Test Method for Determining Temperatures and Heats of Transitions of Fluoropolymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
D7194 Specification for Aerospace Parts Machined from Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE)
annealing; dimensional stability; finished parts; PCTFE; polychlorotrifluoroethylene;
ICS Number Code 83.140.01 (Rubber and plastic products in general)
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