ASTM D7195 - 06(2012)

    Standard Guide for Protocol for Setting Color Specifications for a Material

    Active Standard ASTM D7195 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.26

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The rejection of materials due to color is a common and expensive occurrence, and it is useful for a customer and producer to set a color specification with an associated tolerance before the transaction. This guide discusses the concept and details the ASTM standards to be used in the process.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide leads the user through the process for setting a color tolerance for a product or material. It points to the appropriate ASTM standards that affect each step of the process. It includes the discussion points on which the two parties must agree and provides caveats for various options selected.

    1.2 This guide does not suggest numerical values for tolerances. These values must be agreed upon by the two parties involved.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D523 Test Method for Specular Gloss

    D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials

    D2244 Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

    D3134 Practice for Establishing Color and Gloss Tolerances

    D3964 Practice for Selection of Coating Specimens for Appearance Measurements

    D4086 Practice for Visual Evaluation of Metamerism

    D4449 Test Method for Visual Evaluation of Gloss Differences Between Surfaces of Similar Appearance

    D5531 Guide for Preparation, Maintenance, and Distribution of Physical Product Standards for Color and Geometric Appearance of Coatings

    E179 Guide for Selection of Geometric Conditions for Measurement of Reflection and Transmission Properties of Materials

    E253 Terminology Relating to Sensory Evaluation of Materials and Products

    E284 Terminology of Appearance

    E308 Practice for Computing the Colors of Objects by Using the CIE System

    E805 Practice for Identification of Instrumental Methods of Color or Color-Difference Measurement of Materials

    E1164 Practice for Obtaining Spectrometric Data for Object-Color Evaluation

    E1345 Practice for Reducing the Effect of Variability of Color Measurement by Use of Multiple Measurements

    E1347 Test Method for Color and Color-Difference Measurement by Tristimulus Colorimetry

    E1499 Guide for Selection, Evaluation, and Training of Observers

    E1708 Practice for Electronic Interchange of Color and Appearance Data

    E1808 Guide for Designing and Conducting Visual Experiments

    E2214 Practice for Specifying and Verifying the Performance of Color-Measuring Instruments

    CIE Publications

    CIE15:2004 Colorimetry, 3rd edition Available from U.S. National Committee of the CIE (International Commission on Illumination), C/o Thomas M. Lemons, TLA-Lighting Consultants, Inc., 7 Pond St., Salem, MA 01970, http://www.cie-usnc.org.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 01.070 (Colour coding)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 55121613(Color coding labels)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D7195-06R12

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7195-06(2012), Standard Guide for Protocol for Setting Color Specifications for a Material, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.org

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