Significance and Use
This test method is designed to provide load versus deformation response of plastic films under essentially multi-axial deformation conditions at impact velocities. This test method further provides a measure of the rate sensitivity of the plastic films to impact.
Multi-axial impact response, while partly dependent on thickness, does not necessarily have a linear correlation with specimen thickness. Therefore, results should be compared only for specimens of essentially the same thickness, unless specific responses versus thickness formulae have been established for the plastic films being tested.
For many plastic films, there may be a specification that requires the use of this test method, but with some procedural modifications that take precedence when adhering to the specification. Therefore, it is advisable to refer to that material specification before using this test method. Table 1 of Classification System D4000 lists the ASTM materials standards that currently exist.
The values obtained by this test method are highly dependent on the method and conditions of film fabrication as well as the type and grade of resin. Results can vary significantly, depending upon sample quality, uniformity of film gage, die marks, contaminants, and so forth.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of puncture properties of plastic films, over a range of test velocities.
1.1.1 Test Method D1004 has defined film as having a thickness not greater than 0.25 mm. Plastic materials having a thickness above this limit are not to be excluded from use unless shown to be rigid (see 3.2.1). Test Method D3763 is the recommended method for instrumented puncture testing of rigid plastics.
1.2 Test data obtained by this test method is relevant and appropriate for use in engineering design.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1—This test method does not closely conform to ISO 7765-2. The only similarity between the two tests is that they are both instrumented impact tests. The differences in striker, fixture, specimen geometries and in test velocity can produce significantly different test results.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1004 Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D3763 Test Method for High Speed Puncture Properties of Plastics Using Load and Displacement Sensors
D4000 Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
D6988 Guide for Determination of Thickness of Plastic Film Test Specimens
falling weight; impact testing; plastic thin film; puncture properties; Falling weight test; Impact testing; Plastic film; Puncture testing;
ICS Number Code 83.140.10 (Films and sheets)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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