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Significance and Use
A common set of definitions is essential to improve communication and avoid misunderstanding among ink makers, paper makers, and printers.
Definitions that are verbatim from one of the referenced sources are indicated by giving the acronym of the organization or the author of the book at the end of the definition.
1.1 This terminology standard covers terms used in the description of printing inks, printing materials, and printing processes.
1.2 This terminology standard does not include definitions related to Print Problems (see Terminology D6488).
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications
D1316 Test Method for Fineness of Grind of Printing Inks By the NPIRI Grindometer
D1535 Practice for Specifying Color by the Munsell System
D2066 Test Methods for Relative Tinting Strength of Paste-Type Printing Ink Dispersions
D3732 Practice for Reporting Cure Times of Ultraviolet-Cured Coatings
D4040 Test Method for Rheological Properties of Paste Printing and Vehicles by the Falling-Rod Viscometer
D4302 Specification for Artists Oil, Resin-Oil, and Alkyd Paints
D4361 Test Method for Apparent Tack of Printing Inks and Vehicles by a Three-Roller Tackmeter
D4449 Test Method for Visual Evaluation of Gloss Differences Between Surfaces of Similar Appearance
D5010 Guide for Testing Printing Inks and Related Materials
D5181 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Printed Matter by the GA-CAT Comprehensive Abrasion Tester
D5383 Practice for Visual Determination of the Lightfastness of Art Materials by Art Technologists
D5403 Test Methods for Volatile Content of Radiation Curable Materials
D5909 Test Method for Drying Time of Oxidative-Drying Printing Inks by Squalene Resistance
D6488 Terminology Relating to Print Problems
D6493 Test Methods for Softening Point of Hydrocarbon Resins and Rosin Based Resins by Automated Ring-and-Ball Apparatus
D6687 Guide for Testing Printing Ink Vehicles and Components Thereof
E430 Test Methods for Measurement of Gloss of High-Gloss Surfaces by Abridged Goniophotometry
Other DocumentsKipphan: Handbook of Print Media Technologies and Production Methods, Kipphan, Helmut: Springer 2001
ICS Number Code 01.040.87 (Paint and colour industries (Vocabularies)); 87.080 (Inks. Printing inks)
UNSPSC Code 60121800(Printing and drawing inks)
ASTM D7188-05(2010), Standard Terminology for Printing Inks, Materials, and Processes, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.orgBack to Top