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1.1 This specification covers polyvinyl chloride (PVC) flexible sheeting which is used for construction of concealed containment-membranes. Examples are ponds and lakes, canals, reservoirs, landfill liners, covers and closures or similar installations where the membrane is inaccessible once the construction is complete. Included are requirements for materials and sheeting, test methods, workmanship criteria and methods of marking. This Specification covers un-reinforced flexible sheet made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin as the primary polymer intended for use in geomembranes. This specification covers PVC sheet 0.25 mm through 1.5 mm thickness (0.010 in. through 0.060 in.)
1.2 Reworked materials may be used in this product in accordance with the requirements in Section 5.
1.3 The tests are intended to ensure quality and performance and are not intended for design purposes. Tests have been selected to be conducted primarily with liquids that simulate the environment to which the membrane will be subjected during actual use. The test and property limits used to characterize the sheet are values intended to ensure minimum quality for the intended purpose. In place design criteria such as material compatibility, chemical resistance, among others, are factors that shall be considered but are beyond the scope of this specification.
1.4 The values stated in metric units are to be regarded as the standard. The values stated in parentheses (English) are for information only.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D751 Test Methods for Coated Fabrics
D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement
D882 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting
D1004 Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
D1203 Test Methods for Volatile Loss From Plastics Using Activated Carbon Methods
D1204 Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature
D1239 Test Method for Resistance of Plastic Films to Extraction by Chemicals
D1243 Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride Polymers
D1790 Test Method for Brittleness Temperature of Plastic Sheeting by Impact
D2124 Test Method for Analysis of Components in Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Compounds Using an Infrared Spectrophotometric Technique
D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics
D5033 Guide for Development of ASTM Standards Relating to Recycling and Use of Recycled Plastics
D5199 Test Method for Measuring the Nominal Thickness of Geosynthetics
D5747 Practice for Tests to Evaluate the Chemical Resistance of Geomembranes to Liquids
G160 Practice for Evaluating Microbial Susceptibility of Nonmetallic Materials By Laboratory Soil Burial
ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)
UNSPSC Code 30121701(Geomesh)