ASTM D7172 - 06e1

    Standard Test Method for Determining The Relative Density (Specific Gravity) And Absorption Of Fine Aggregates Using Infrared

    Active Standard ASTM D7172 | Developed by Subcommittee: D04.51

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.03


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    ASTM D7172

    Significance and Use

    Bulk relative density (specific gravity) is the characteristic generally used for calculation of the volume occupied by the aggregate in various mixtures containing aggregate including Portland cement concrete, bituminous concrete, and other mixtures that are proportioned or analyzed on an absolute volume basis. Bulk relative density (specific gravity) is used in the computation of voids in aggregate in C 1252 and C 29/ C 29M. Bulk relative density (specific gravity) determined on the saturated surface dry (SSD) basis is used if the aggregate is wet, that is, if its absorption has been satisfied. Conversely, the bulk relative density (specific gravity) determined on the oven-dry basis is used for computations when the aggregate is dry or assumed to be dry.

    Apparent relative density (specific gravity) pertains to the relative density of the solid material making up the constituent particles not including the pore space within the    particles that is accessible to water. This value is not widely used in construction    aggregate technology.

    Water absorption values are used to calculate the change in the mass of an    aggregate due to water absorbed in the pore spaces within the constituent    particles, compared to the dry condition, when it is deemed that the aggregate    has been in contact with water long enough to satisfy most of the absorption    potential. The laboratory standard for absorption is that obtained after    submerging dry aggregate for approximately 24 hours in water. Aggregates    mined from below the water table may have a higher absorption when used, if not allowed to dry. Conversely, some aggregates when used may contain an    amount of absorbed moisture less than the 24 hours soaked condition: For an aggregate that has been in contact with water and that had free moisture on the    particle surface, the percentage of free moisture can be determined by deducting    the absorption from the total moisture content determined according to C 566 by drying.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the relative density (specific gravity) and absorption of fine aggregates.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C29/C29M Test Method for Bulk Density (Unit Weight) and Voids in Aggregate

    C125 Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates

    C128 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), and Absorption of Fine Aggregate

    C566 Test Method for Total Evaporable Moisture Content of Aggregate by Drying

    C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials

    C702 Practice for Reducing Samples of Aggregate to Testing Size

    C1252 Test Methods for Uncompacted Void Content of Fine Aggregate (as Influenced by Particle Shape, Surface Texture, and Grading)

    D8 Terminology Relating to Materials for Roads and Pavements

    D75 Practice for Sampling Aggregates

    D4753 Guide for Evaluating, Selecting, and Specifying Balances and Standard Masses for Use in Soil, Rock, and Construction Materials Testing

    AASHTO Standards

    T-84 Test Method for Specific Gravity and Absorption of Fine Aggregate

    Other Documents

    OperationalInstructi


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30111800(Aggregates)


    DOI: 10.1520/D7172-06E01

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