ASTM D7164 - 10

    Standard Practice for On-line/At-line Heating Value Determination of Gaseous Fuels by Gas Chromatography

    Active Standard ASTM D7164 | Developed by Subcommittee: D03.12

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.06


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    ASTM D7164

    Significance and Use

    On-line, at-line, in-line and other near-real time monitoring systems that measure fuel gas characteristics such as the heating value are prevalent in the natural gas and fuel gas industries. The installation and operation of particular systems vary on the specific objectives, process type, regulatory requirements, and internal performance requirements needed by the user. This protocol is intended to provide guidelines for standardized start-up procedures, operating procedures, and quality assurance practices for on-line, at-line, in-line and other near-real time heating value monitoring systems.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice is for the determination of heating value in high methane content gaseous fuels such as natural gas using an on-line/at-line gas chromatograph.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1070 Test Methods for Relative Density of Gaseous Fuels

    D1945 Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography

    D1946 Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography

    D3588 Practice for Calculating Heat Value, Compressibility Factor, and Relative Density of Gaseous Fuels

    D3764 Practice for Validation of the Performance of Process Stream Analyzer Systems

    D4626 Practice for Calculation of Gas Chromatographic Response Factors

    D5287 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Gaseous Fuels

    D5503 Practice for Natural Gas Sample-Handling and Conditioning Systems for Pipeline Instrumentation

    D6122 Practice for Validation of the Performance of Multivariate Online, At-Line, and Laboratory Infrared Spectrophotometer Based Analyzer Systems

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    D6621 Practice for Performance Testing of Process Analyzers for Aromatic Hydrocarbon Materials

    E260 Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography

    E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography

    E1510 Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs

    ISO Standards

    ISO7504 Gas Analysis-Vocabulary


    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15111500(Gaseous fuels)


    DOI: 10.1520/D7164-10

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