### Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Resilience Using Schob Type Rebound Pendulum

Active Standard ASTM D7121 | Developed by Subcommittee: D11.10

Book of Standards Volume: 09.01

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Significance and Use

The Schob Type rebound pendulum is designed to measure the percentage resilience of a rubber compound as an indication of hysteretic energy loss that can also be defined by the relationship between storage modulus and loss modulus. The percent rebound measured is inversely proportional to the hysteretic loss.

Percentage resilience or rebound resilience are commonly used in quality control testing of polymers and compounding chemicals.

Rebound resilience is determined by a freely falling pendulum hammer that is dropped from a given height that impacts a test specimen and imparts to it a certain amount of energy. A portion of that energy is returned by the specimen to the pendulum and may be measured by the extent to which the pendulum rebounds, whereby the restoring force is determined by gravity.

Since the energy of the pendulum is proportional to the vertical component of the displacement of the pendulum, it may be expressed as 1 cos (of the angle of displacement) and percentage rebound resilience. RB, commonly called percentage rebound, is determined from the equation:

The rebound resilience may be calculated as:

where:
h= apex height of the rebound, and
H= initial height.

The rebound resilience may also be determined by the measurement of the angle of rebound α. From the rebound angle α, the rebound resilience in percent is obtained according to the following formula:

1. Scope

1.1 This test method covers a means of determining the resilience of rubber, within a range of impact strain and strain rate, by means of the impacting and measuring apparatus conforming to the requirements described in this test method.

1.2 This test method is applicable to thermoset rubbers and thermoplastic elastomers, the hardness of which, at the specified test temperatures, lies between 30 and 85 IRHD (see Test Method D1415) or A/30 and A/85 (see Test Method D2240). It may also be applicable to some polyester, polyether foam, and plastic foam materials.

1.3 All materials, instruments, or equipment used for the determination of mass, force, or dimension shall have traceability to the National Institute for Standards and Technology, or other internationally recognized organization parallel in nature.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

ASTM Standards

D832 Practice for Rubber Conditioning For Low Temperature Testing

D1349 Practice for Rubber--Standard Temperatures for Testing

D1415 Test Method for Rubber Property--International Hardness

D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness

D3182 Practice for Rubber--Materials, Equipment, and Procedures for Mixing Standard Compounds and Preparing Standard Vulcanized Sheets

D3183 Practice for Rubber--Preparation of Pieces for Test Purposes from Products

D4483 Practice for Evaluating Precision for Test Method Standards in the Rubber and Carbon Black Manufacturing Industries

ICS Code

ICS Number Code 83.060 (Rubber)

UNSPSC Code

UNSPSC Code 13101700(Elastomers)

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DOI: 10.1520/D7121-05R12

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Citation Format

ASTM D7121-05(2012), Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Resilience Using Schob Type Rebound Pendulum, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.org