ASTM D7109 - 12

    Standard Test Method for Shear Stability of Polymer Containing Fluids Using a European Diesel Injector Apparatus at 30 and 90 Cycles

    Active Standard ASTM D7109 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.07

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.04


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method evaluates the percent viscosity loss of fluids resulting from physical degradation in the high shear nozzle device. Thermal or oxidative effects are minimized.

    5.2 This test method may be used for quality control purposes by manufacturers of polymeric lubricant additives and their customers.

    5.3 This test method is not intended to predict viscosity loss in field service in different field equipment under widely varying operating conditions, which may cause lubricant viscosity to change due to thermal and oxidative changes, as well as by the mechanical shearing of polymer. However, when the field service conditions, primarily or exclusively, result in the degradation of polymer by mechanical shearing, there may be a correlation between the results from this test method and results from the field.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the evaluation of the shear stability of polymer-containing fluids. The test method measures the viscosity loss, in mm2/s and percent, at 100°C of polymer-containing fluids when evaluated by a diesel injector apparatus procedure that uses European diesel injector test equipment. The viscosity loss reflects polymer degradation due to shear at the nozzle. Viscosity loss is evaluated after both 30 and 90 cycles of shearing.

    Note 1This test method evaluates the shear stability of oils after both 30 and 90 cycles of shearing. For most oils, there is a correlation between results after 30 cycles and results after 90 cycles of shearing, but this is not universal.
    Note 2Test Method D6278 uses essentially the same procedure with 30 cycles only instead of both 30 and 90 cycles. The correlation between results from this test method at 30 cycles and results from Test Method D6278 has not been established.
    Note 3Test Method D2603 has been used for similar evaluation of shear stability; limitations are as indicated in the significance statement. No detailed attempt has been undertaken to correlate the results of this test method with those of the sonic shear test method.
    Note 4This test method uses test apparatus as defined in CEC L-14-A-93. This test method differs from CEC-L-14-A-93 in the period of time required for calibration.
    Note 5Test Method D5275 also shears oils in a diesel injector apparatus but may give different results.
    Note 6This test method has different calibration and operational requirements than withdrawn Test Method D3945.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are given in Section 8.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D2603 Test Method for Sonic Shear Stability of Polymer-Containing Oils

    D5275 Test Method for Fuel Injector Shear Stability Test (FISST) for Polymer Containing Fluids

    D6278 Test Method for Shear Stability of Polymer Containing Fluids Using a European Diesel Injector Apparatus

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    Coordinated European Council (CEC) Standard

    CECL-14-A-93 Evaluation of the Mechanical Shear Stability of Lubricating Oils Containing Polymers Available from CEC Secretariat, Interlynk Administrative Services, Ltd., Lynk House, 17 Peckleton Lane, Desford, Leicestershire, LE9 9JU, United Kingdom.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.060 (Measurement of volume, mass, density, viscosity)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 26101740(Fuel injectors)


    DOI: 10.1520/D7109-12

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