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Significance and Use
This standard provides guidance to obtain data that is the most representative of the material’s characteristics and performance. To properly evaluate EPDM, tests should be performed in accordance with specific test methods and procedures.
1.1 This guide covers and provides recommendations for the selection of appropriate test methods for Ethylene Propylene Diene Terpolymer (EPDM) geomembranes used in geotechnical and geoenvironmental applications.
1.2 This guide includes test methods for three different types of EPDM geomembranes including; scrim-reinforced membranes, composite membranes and smooth, non-reinforced membranes.
1.3 The test methods are divided into three categories including manufacturing quality control, optional performance tests and seam testing.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information purposes only.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D297 Test Methods for Rubber Products--Chemical Analysis
D413 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Adhesion to Flexible Substrate
D471 Test Method for Rubber Property--Effect of Liquids
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D882 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting
D1004 Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
D1149 Test Methods for Rubber Deterioration--Cracking in an Ozone Controlled Environment
D1204 Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature
D1418 Practice for Rubber and Rubber Latices--Nomenclature
D1434 Test Method for Determining Gas Permeability Characteristics of Plastic Film and Sheeting
D2137 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Brittleness Point of Flexible Polymers and Coated Fabrics
D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness
D4355 Test Method for Deterioration of Geotextiles by Exposure to Light, Moisture and Heat in a Xenon Arc Type Apparatus
D4437 Practice for Non-destructive Testing (NDT) for Determining the Integrity of Seams Used in Joining Flexible Polymeric Sheet Geomembranes
D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics
D4637 Specification for EPDM Sheet Used In Single-Ply Roof Membrane
D4833 Test Method for Index Puncture Resistance of Geomembranes and Related Products
D5199 Test Method for Measuring the Nominal Thickness of Geosynthetics
D5321 Test Method for Determining the Coefficient of Soil and Geosynthetic or Geosynthetic and Geosynthetic Friction by the Direct Shear Method
D5514 Test Method for Large Scale Hydrostatic Puncture Testing of Geosynthetics
D5617 Test Method for Multi-Axial Tension Test for Geosynthetics
D5721 Practice for Air-Oven Aging of Polyolefin Geomembranes
D5884 Test Method for Determining Tearing Strength of Internally Reinforced Geomembranes
D7004 Test Method for Grab Tensile Properties of Reinforced Geomembranes
E96/E96M Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials
ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)
UNSPSC Code 30121701(Geomesh)