Significance and Use
The determination of the boiling range distribution of gasoline by gas chromatographic simulated distillation provides an insight into the composition of the components from which the gasoline has been blended. Knowledge of the boiling range distribution of gasoline blending components is useful for the control of refinery processes and for the blending of finished gasoline.
The determination of the boiling range distribution of light hydrocarbon mixtures by gas chromatographic simulated distillation has better precision than the conventional distillation by Test Method D86. Additionally, this test method provides more accurate and detailed information about the composition of the light ends. The distillation data produced by this test method are similar to that which would be obtained from a cryogenic, true boiling point (15 theoretical plates) distillation.
This test method is intended to expand upon Test Method D3710 by defining mandatory response factors, use of capillary column technology, inclusion of oxygenates, and use of flame ionization detection.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the boiling range distribution of gasoline and liquid gasoline blending components. It is applicable to petroleum products and fractions with a final boiling point of 280°C (536°F) or lower, as measured by this test method.
1.2 This test method is designed to measure the entire boiling range of gasoline and gasoline components with either high or low vapor pressure and is commonly referred to as Simulated Distillation (SimDis) by gas chromatographers.
1.3 This test method has been validated for gasoline containing ethanol. Gasolines containing other oxygenates are not specifically excluded, but they were not used in the development of this test method.
1.4 This test method can estimate the concentration of n-pentane and lighter saturated hydrocarbons in gasoline.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5.1 Results in degrees Fahrenheit can be obtained by simply substituting Fahrenheit boiling points in the calculation of the boiling point-retention time correlation.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure
D2421 Practice for Interconversion of Analysis of C5 and Lighter Hydrocarbons to Gas-Volume, Liquid-Volume, or Mass Basis
D3700 Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder
D3710 Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Gasoline and Gasoline Fractions by Gas Chromatography
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4307 Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
D4626 Practice for Calculation of Gas Chromatographic Response Factors
D4814 Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
D4815 Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
D5191 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Mini Method)
D5599 Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection
D6300 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography
E1510 Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs
blending streams; boiling range distribution; capillary gas chromatography; gas chromatography; gasoline; oxygenate; Boiling range distribution; Gas chromatography (GC); Gasoline; Simulated distillation;
ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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