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Significance and Use
Separation and identification of plasticizer components in PVC is necessary to correlate performance properties with polymer composition. This test method provides a means of determining monomeric plasticizers including adipates, azelates, benzoates, citrates, phthalates, sebacates, and trimellitates.
Other methods successfully used to analyze plasticizers are column chromatography, HPLC, GPC, FTIR, and GC/MS.
This method is not applicable to plasticizers with molecular weights over 700 g/mol including epoxidized soybean oil and polymeric plasticizers.
1.1 This practice provides for the separation and identification of monomeric plasticizers in poly (vinyl chloride) (PVC) compounds by gas chromatography (GC).
1.2 The text of this practice references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in Tables and Figures) shall not be considered as requirements of this standard.
1.3 Test Method D2124 is an alternative infrared procedure.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1—There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D2124 Test Method for Analysis of Components in Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Compounds Using an Infrared Spectrophotometric Technique
D3465 Test Method for Purity of Monomeric Plasticizers by Gas Chromatography
E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships
E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography
ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)
UNSPSC Code 13102030(Polyvinyl Chloride PVC)
ASTM D7083-04(2010)e1, Standard Practice for Determination of Monomeric Plasticizers in Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) by Gas Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.orgBack to Top