Environmental performance shall be measured using the life-cycle assessment (LCA) approach. LCA is a “cradle-to-grave” approach that evaluates all stages in the life of a product, including raw material acquisition, product manufacture, transportation, use and ultimately, recycling (that is, “cradle to cradle” and waste management).
Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D20 on Plastics, this practice was withdrawn in January 2013 in accordance with section 10.6.3.1 of the Regulations Governing ASTM Technical Committees, which requires that standards shall be updated by the end of the eighth year since the last approval date.
1.1 Environmental performance shall be measured using the life-cycle assessment (LCA) approach. LCA is a "cradle-to-grave" approach that evaluates all stages in the life of a product, including raw material acquisition, product manufacture, transportation, use and ultimately, recycling (that is, "cradle to cradle" and waste management).
1.2 LCAs for biobased products shall be conducted and communicated in a similar manner, including consistent boundary conditions, functional units, environmental indicators, and reporting formats.
1.3 This practice is limited to environmental performance metrics and excludes other metrics such as those related to economics and social equity.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D6852 Guide for Determination of Biobased Content, Resources Consumption, and Environmental Profile of Materials and Products
D6866 Test Methods for Determining the Biobased Content of Solid, Liquid, and Gaseous Samples Using Radiocarbon Analysis
D7026 Guide for Sampling and Reporting of Results for Determination of Biobased Content of Materials via Carbon Isotope Analysis
ISO14049 Environmental Management--Life Cycle Assessment--Examples of Application of ISO 14041 to Goal and Scope Definition and Inventory Analysis
U.S. Federal Government Document
PublicLaw107-171 Farm Security and Rural Investment Act, May 13, 2002 Available from U.S. Government Printing Office Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Mail Stop: SDE, Washington, DC 20401.
biobased products; environmental performance; life-cycle assessment;
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Citing ASTM Standards
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