1.1 This classification system covers requirements for cellulose acetate thermoplastic compounds plasticized with either diethyl phthalate or dimethyl phthalate and are suitable for injection molding and extrusion. These compounds have an acetyl content between 39 and 40 %. It does not include materials compounded for special application. Cellulosic plastic materials, being thermoplastic, are reprocessable and recyclable. This classification system allows for the use of those cellulosic materials, provided that all specific requirements of this classification system are met.
1.2 The properties included in this classification system are those required to identify the compositions covered. Other requirements necessary to identify particular characteristics important to specialized applications are specified by using the suffixes as given in Section 5.
1.3 This classification system and subsequent line call out (specification) are intended to provide a means of calling out plastic materials used in the fabrication of end items or parts. It is not intended for the selection of materials. Material selection can be made by those having expertise in the plastic field only after careful consideration of the design and performance required of the part, environment to which it will be exposed, fabrication process to be employed, costs involved, and inherent properties of the material other than those covered by this classification system.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.
1.5 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 11, of this classification system. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1—There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D256 Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics
D570 Test Method for Water Absorption of Plastics
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D635 Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal Position
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
D790 Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials
D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1003 Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials
D3641 Practice for Injection Molding Test Specimens of Thermoplastic Molding and Extrusion Materials
D3892 Practice for Packaging/Packing of Plastics
D4000 Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
D5740 Guide for Writing Material Standards in the Classification Format
D7209 Guide for Waste Reduction, Resource Recovery, and Use of Recycled Polymeric Materials and Products
E308 Practice for Computing the Colors of Objects by Using the CIE System
cellulose acetate; classification system; line callout; plastic; recycled; specification; Cellulosic plastics--cellulose acetate (CA); Heating tests--plastics; Molding/extrusion compounds/materials--specifications; Thermoplastics--specifications;
ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials); 83.140.99 (Other rubber and plastic products)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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