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This specification presents the performance classifications for biodegradable fire-resistant hydraulic fluids that are used in the industrial/mobile and mining industries. Covered here are seven material classes, as follows: HFA are fire resistant hydraulic fluids that may be further classified as HFAE, which are oil-in-water emulsions, and HFAS, which are chemical solutions not containing any emulsions; HFB, which are water-in-oil emulsions; HFC, which are aqueous monomer and polymer polyglycol solutions; HFD, which are phosphate ester or polyolester-based, water-insoluble fire-resistant fluids; HFDR, which are phosphate ester-based fluids; HFDU, which arewater-free fluids based on chemical compounds other than phosphate esters and chlorinated hydrocarbons; and HEPG, which are anhydrous "environmentally friendly" polyalkylene glycol-derived hydraulic fluids that may be water soluble or insoluble.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This specification covers performance classifications for biodegradable fire-resistant hydraulic fluids that are used in the industrial/mobile and mining industries.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D95 Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation
D664 Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration
D892 Test Method for Foaming Characteristics of Lubricating Oils
D943 Test Method for Oxidation Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oils
D974 Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration
D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
D1401 Test Method for Water Separability of Petroleum Oils and Synthetic Fluids
D2422 Classification of Industrial Fluid Lubricants by Viscosity System
D2532 Test Method for Viscosity and Viscosity Change After Standing at Low Temperature of Aircraft Turbine Lubricants
D2783 Test Method for Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Fluids (Four-Ball Method)
D2882 Test Method for Indicating Wear Characteristics of Petroleum and Non-Petroleum Hydraulic Fluids in Constant Volume Vane Pump
D3427 Test Method for Air Release Properties of Petroleum Oils
D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
D5182 Test Method for Evaluating the Scuffing Load Capacity of Oils (FZG Visual Method)
D6046 Classification of Hydraulic Fluids for Environmental Impact
D6304 Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
D6546 Test Methods for and Suggested Limits for Determining Compatibility of Elastomer Seals for Industrial Hydraulic Fluid Applications
E70 Test Method for pH of Aqueous Solutions With the Glass Electrode
DIN StandardsDIN51777-2 Testing of Mineral Oil Hydrocarbons and Solvents; Determination of Water Content according to Karl Fischer; Indirect Method
ICS Number Code 75.120 (Hydraulic fluids)
UNSPSC Code 15121528(Fire resistant hydraulic fluid )