ASTM D7035 - 16

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Metals and Metalloids in Airborne Particulate Matter by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)

    Active Standard ASTM D7035 | Developed by Subcommittee: D22.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.07


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The health of workers in many industries is at risk through exposure by inhalation to toxic metals and metalloids. Industrial hygienists and other public health professionals need to determine the effectiveness of measures taken to control workers’ exposures, and this is generally achieved by making workplace air measurements. This test method has been promulgated in order to make available a standard methodology for making valid exposure measurements for a wide range of metals and metalloids that are used in industry. It will be of benefit to agencies concerned with health and safety at work; industrial hygienists and other public health professionals; analytical laboratories; industrial users of metals and metalloids and their workers, and other groups.

    5.2 This test method specifies a generic method for determination of the mass concentration of metals and metalloids in workplace air using ICP-AES.

    5.3 The analysis results can be used for the assessment of workplace exposures to metals and metalloids in workplace air.

    Note 2: Refer to Guide E1370 for guidance on the development of appropriate exposure assessment and measurement strategies.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method specifies a procedure for collection, sample preparation, and analysis of airborne particulate matter for the content of metals and metalloids using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES).

    1.2 This test method is applicable to personal sampling of the inhalable or respirable fraction of airborne particles and to area sampling.

    1.3 This test method should be used by analysts experienced in the use of ICP-AES, the interpretation of spectral and matrix interferences, and procedures for their correction.

    1.4 This test method specifies a number of alternative methods for preparing test solutions from samples of airborne particulate matter. One of the specified sample preparation methods is applicable to the measurement of soluble metal or metalloid compounds. Other specified methods are applicable to the measurement of total metals and metalloids.

    1.5 It is the user's responsibility to ensure the validity of this test method for sampling materials of untested matrices.

    1.6 The following is a non-exclusive list of metals and metalloids for which one or more of the sample dissolution methods specified in this document is applicable. However, there is insufficient information available on the effectiveness of dissolution methods for those elements in italics.

    Aluminum

    Indium

    Sodium

    Antimony

    Iron

    Strontium

    Arsenic

    Lead

    Tantalum

    Barium

    Lithium

    Tellurium

    Beryllium

    Magnesium

    Thallium

    Bismuth

    Manganese

    Tin

    Boron

    Molybdenum

    Titanium

    Cadmium

    Nickel

    Tungsten

    Calcium

    Phosphorus

    Uranium

    Cesium

    Platinum

    Vanadium

    Chromium

    Potassium

    Yttrium

    Cobalt

    Rhodium

    Zinc

    Copper

    Selenium

    Zirconium

    Hafnium

    Silver

     

    1.7 This test method is not applicable to the sampling of elemental mercury, or to inorganic compounds of metals and metalloids that are present in the gaseous or vapor state.

    1.8 No detailed operating instructions are provided because of differences among various makes and models of suitable ICP-AES instruments. Instead, the analyst shall follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer of the particular instrument. This test method does not address comparative accuracy of different devices or the precision between instruments of the same make and model.

    1.9 This test method contains notes that are explanatory and are not part of the mandatory requirements of this test method.

    1.10 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.11 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres

    D4185 Practice for Measurement of Metals in Workplace Atmospheres by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry

    D4840 Guide for Sample Chain-of-Custody Procedures

    D5011 Practices for Calibration of Ozone Monitors Using Transfer Standards

    D6062 Guide for Personal Samplers of Health-Related Aerosol Fractions

    D6785 Test Method for Determination of Lead in Workplace Air Using Flame or Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

    D7202 Test Method for Determination of Beryllium in the Workplace Using Field-Based Extraction and Optical Fluorescence Detection

    D7439 Test Method for Determination of Elements in Airborne Particulate Matter by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry

    D7440 Practice for Characterizing Uncertainty in Air Quality Measurements

    E882 Guide for Accountability and Quality Control in the Chemical Analysis Laboratory

    E1370 Guide for Air Sampling Strategies for Worker and Workplace Protection

    E1613 Test Method for Determination of Lead by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES), Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS), or Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (GFAAS) Techniques

    E1728 Practice for Collection of Settled Dust Samples Using Wipe Sampling Methods for Subsequent Lead Determination

    ISO and European Standards

    EN 1540 Workplace Atmospheres--Terminology


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.040.20 (Ambient atmospheres)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 77121504(Air pollution monitoring or measurement services)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D7035-16

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7035-16, Standard Test Method for Determination of Metals and Metalloids in Airborne Particulate Matter by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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