Significance and Use
Use of the Stepped Isothermal Method decreases the time required for creep to occur and the obtaining of the associated data.
The statements set forth in 1.6 are very important in the context of significance and use, as well as scope of the standard.
Creep test data are used to calculate the creep modulus of materials as a function of time. These data are then used to predict the long-term creep deformation expected of geosynthetics used in reinforcement applications.
Note 1—Currently, SIM testing has focused mainly on woven and knitted geogrids and woven geotextiles made from polyester, aramid, polyaramid, poly-vinyl alcohol (PVA) and polypropylene yarns and narrow strips. Additional correlation studies on other materials are needed.
Creep rupture test data are used to develop a regression line relating creep stress to rupture time. These results predict the long term rupture strength expected for geosynthetics in reinforcement applications.
Tensile testing is used to establish the ultimate tensile strength (TULT) of a material and to determine elastic stress, strain and variations thereof for SIM tests.
Ramp and Hold (R+H) testing is done to establish the range of creep strains experienced in the brief period of very rapid response following the peak of the load ramp.
1.1 This test method covers accelerated testing for tensile creep, and tensile creep-rupture properties using the Stepped Isothermal Method (SIM).
1.2 The test method is focused on geosynthetic reinforcement materials such as yarns, ribs of geogrids, or narrow geotextile specimens.
1.3 The SIM tests are laterally unconfined tests based on time-temperature superposition procedures.
1.4 Tensile tests are to be completed before SIM tests and the results are used to determine the stress levels for subsequent SIM tests defined in terms of the percentage of Ultimate Tensile Strength (TULT). Additionally, the tensile test can be designed to provide estimates of the initial elastic strain distributions appropriate for the SIM results.
1.5 Ramp and Hold (R+H) tests may be completed in conjunction with SIM tests. They are designed to provide additional estimates of the initial elastic and initial rapid creep strain levels appropriate for the SIM results.
1.6 This method can be used to establish the sustained load creep and creep-rupture characteristics of a geosynthetic. Results of this method are to be used to augment results of Test Method D 5262 and may not be used as the sole basis for determination of long term creep and creep-rupture behavior of geosynthetic material.
1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D2990 Test Methods for Tensile, Compressive, and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastics
D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics
D4595 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Geotextiles by the Wide-Width Strip Method
D5262 Test Method for Evaluating the Unconfined Tension Creep and Creep Rupture Behavior of Geosynthetics
creep; creep-rupture; geosynthetics; ramp and hold test; rapid loading tensile test; stepped isothermal method; time-temperature superposition; Geosynthetics; Isothermal conditions/testing; Stepped isothermal method; Tensile properties/testing--geosynthetics; Time-temperature indicators (TTI) ;
ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)
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