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Significance and Use
4.1 This test method is used to prepare specimens for determining the volumetric and physical properties of compacted asphalt mix.
4.2 This test method is useful for monitoring the density of test specimens during the compaction process. This test method is suited for the laboratory design, field control of asphalt mix, forensics, imaging, and visualization of compacted asphalt mix.
Note 1: The quality of the results produced by this standard are dependent on the competence of the personnel performing the procedure and the capability, calibration, and maintenance of the equipment used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Specification are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing/sampling/inspection/etc. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Specification alone does not completely assure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; following the suggestions of Specification or some similar acceptable guideline provides a means of evaluating and controlling some of those factors.
1.1 This test method covers the compaction of asphalt mix into cylindrical specimens using the Superpave Gyratory Compactor (SGC). This standard also refers to the determination of the relative density of the compacted specimens at any point in the compaction process. Compacted specimens are suitable for volumetric, physical property, and mechanical testing. Smaller specimens may be cut from the compacted cylindrical specimen for specific test specimen geometry requirements. The compaction procedures apply to Laboratory Mix Laboratory Compacted (LMLC) and Plant Mix Laboratory Compacted (PMLC) asphalt mix.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The value given in degrees for the angle of gyration is a mathematical conversion from the SI units and is provided for information regarding the commonly used unit of degree.
1.3 The text of this test method references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D8 Terminology Relating to Materials for Roads and Pavements
D979/D979M Practice for Sampling Bituminous Paving Mixtures
D1188 Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures Using Coated Samples
D2041 Test Method for Theoretical Maximum Specific Gravity and Density of Bituminous Paving Mixtures
D2726 Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Non-Absorptive Compacted Bituminous Mixtures
D3666 Specification for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Testing and Inspecting Road and Paving Materials
D4402 Test Method for Viscosity Determination of Asphalt at Elevated Temperatures Using a Rotational Viscometer
D4753 Guide for Evaluating, Selecting, and Specifying Balances and Standard Masses for Use in Soil, Rock, and Construction Materials Testing
D6752/D6752M Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures Using Automatic Vacuum Sealing Method
D6857/D6857M Test Method for Maximum Specific Gravity and Density of Bituminous Paving Mixtures Using Automatic Vacuum Sealing Method
D7115 Test Method for Measurement of Superpave Gyratory Compactor (SGC) Internal Angle of Gyration Using Simulated Loading
E2251 Specification for Liquid-in-Glass ASTM Thermometers with Low-Hazard Precision Liquids
AASHTO StandardsPP35 Provisional Practice for Evaluation of Superpave Gyratory Compactors (SGCs) PP76 Standard Practice for Troubleshooting Asphalt Specimen Volumetric Differences between Superpave Gyratory Compactors (SGCs) Used in the Design and the Field Management of Superpave Mixtures R30 Standard Practice for Mixture Conditioning of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) R35 Standard Practice for Superpave Volumetric Design for Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) R47 Standard Practice for Reducing Samples of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) to Testing Size T312 Standard Method of Test for Preparing and Determining the Density of Hot-Mix Asphalt (HMA) Specimens by Means of the Superpave Gyratory Compactor
Other ReferencesASME B46.1 Surface Texture (Surface Roughness, Waviness, and Lay) Available from American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASME International Headquarters, Two Park Ave., New York, NY 10016-5990, http://www.asme.org. Asphalt Institute MS-2 Mix Design Methods for Asphalt Concrete Available from Asphalt Institute, 2696 Research Park Dr., Lexington, KY 40511, http://www.asphaltinstitute.org.
ICS Number Code 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)
UNSPSC Code 30111509(Asphalt based concrete)
ASTM D6925-15, Standard Test Method for Preparation and Determination of the Relative Density of Asphalt Mix Specimens by Means of the Superpave Gyratory Compactor, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.orgBack to Top