ASTM D689-03

    Withdrawn Standard: ASTM D689-03 Standard Test Method for Internal Tearing Resistance of Paper (Withdrawn 2009)

    Developed by Subcommittee: D06.92

    WITHDRAWN, NO REPLACEMENT

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    Withdrawn Rationale:

    This test method measures the force perpendicular to the plane of the paper required to tear multiple sheets of paper through a specified distance after the tear has been started, using an Elmendorf-type tearing tester. The measured results can be used to calculate the approximate tearing resistance of a single sheet. In the case of tearing a single sheet of paper, the tearing resistance is measured directly.

    Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D06 on Paper and Paper Products, this test method was withdrawn in December 2009 due to insufficient committee interest in reviewing and revising the standard.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method measures the force perpendicular to the plane of the paper required to tear multiple sheets of paper through a specified distance after the tear has been started, using an Elmendorf-type tearing tester. The measured results can be used to calculate the approximate tearing resistance of a single sheet. In the case of tearing a single sheet of paper, the tearing resistance is measured directly.

    Note 1—Similar procedures for making Elmendorf-type tear measurements are found in ISO 1974 and TAPPI T414.

    1.2 This test method is not suitable for determining the cross-directional tearing resistance of highly directional boards and papers.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ISO Standard

    ISO1974 Paper--Determination of tearing resistance (Elmendorf method)

    TAPPI Standard

    TAPPIT414 Internal Tearing Resistance of Paper (Elmendorf-Type Method)

    ASTM Standards

    D585 Practice for Sampling and Accepting a Single Lot of Paper, Paperboard, Fiberboard, and Related Product

    D646 Test Method for Grammage of Paper and Paperboard (Mass Per Unit Area)

    D685 Practice for Conditioning Paper and Paper Products for Testing

    D1749 Practice for Interlaboratory Evaluation of Test Methods Used with Paper and Paper Products

    E178 Practice for Dealing With Outlying Observations


    DOI: 10.1520/D0689-03

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