ASTM D6871 - 03(2008)

    Standard Specification for Natural (Vegetable Oil) Ester Fluids Used in Electrical Apparatus

    Active Standard ASTM D6871 | Developed by Subcommittee: D27.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 10.03


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    Abstract

    This specification covers a high fire point natural vegetable oil ester insulating fluid for use as a dielectric and cooling medium in new and existing power and distribution electrical apparatus such as transformers and attendant equipment. The physical property requirement including color, fire point, flash point, pour point, relative density, and viscosity shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed. The electrical property requirements including dielectric breakdown voltage, dissipation factor, and gassing tendency shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed. The chemical requirements including corrosive sulphur, neutralization number, PCB content, and water shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers a high fire point natural vegetable oil ester insulating fluid for use as a dielectric and cooling medium in new and existing power and distribution electrical apparatus such as transformers and attendant equipment.

    1.2 Natural vegetable oil ester insulating fluid differs from conventional mineral oil and other high fire point (or less-flammable) fluids in that it is an agricultural product derived from vegetable oils rather than refined from petroleum base stocks or synthesized from organic precursors.

    1.3 This specification is intended to define a natural vegetable oil ester electrical insulating fluid that is compatible with typical materials of construction of existing apparatus and will satisfactorily maintain its functional characteristic in this application. The material described in this specification may not be miscible with some synthetic electrical insulating liquids. The user should contact the manufacturer of the natural ester insulating fluid for guidance in this respect.

    1.4 This specification applies only to new insulating fluid as received prior to any processing. The user should contact the manufacturer of the equipment or fluid if questions of recommended characteristics or maintenance procedures arise.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D88 Test Method for Saybolt Viscosity

    D92 Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester

    D97 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products

    D117 Guide for Sampling, Test Methods, and Specifications for Electrical Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D877 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage of Insulating Liquids Using Disk Electrodes

    D923 Practices for Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids

    D924 Test Method for Dissipation Factor (or Power Factor) and Relative Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Electrical Insulating Liquids

    D974 Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration

    D1275 Test Method for Corrosive Sulfur in Electrical Insulating Oils

    D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

    D1500 Test Method for ASTM Color of Petroleum Products (ASTM Color Scale)

    D1524 Test Method for Visual Examination of Used Electrical Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin in the Field

    D1533 Test Method for Water in Insulating Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration

    D1816 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage of Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin Using VDE Electrodes

    D1903 Practice for Determining the Coefficient of Thermal Expansion of Electrical Insulating Liquids of Petroleum Origin, and Askarels

    D2300 Test Method for Gassing of Electrical Insulating Liquids Under Electrical Stress and Ionization (Modified Pirelli Method)

    D2717 Test Method for Thermal Conductivity of Liquids

    D2766 Test Method for Specific Heat of Liquids and Solids

    D2864 Terminology Relating to Electrical Insulating Liquids and Gases

    D3300 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage of Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin Under Impulse Conditions

    D4059 Test Method for Analysis of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Insulating Liquids by Gas Chromatography

    National Fire Protection Association Standard

    NationalElectricalCo Article 450-23 National Electrical Code, NFPA 70, National Fire Protection Association Inc.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 29.040.10 (Insulating oils)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15121505(Transformer oil or insulating oil)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D6871-03R08

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6871-03(2008), Standard Specification for Natural (Vegetable Oil) Ester Fluids Used in Electrical Apparatus, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2008, www.astm.org

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