Active Standard ASTM D6859 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.21
Book of Standards Volume: 07.02
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
The determination of pile thickness of level pile yarn floor covering is useful in quality and cost control during the manufacture of pile yarn floor covering. The appearance and performance may be affected by changes in pile thickness of pile yarn floor coverings. This test method is considered satisfactory for acceptance testing of commercial shipments because current estimates of between laboratory precision are acceptable, and this test method is commonly used in the trade for acceptance testing.
If there are differences of practical significance between reported test results for two laboratories (or more), comparative tests should be performed to determine if there is a statistical bias between them, using competent statistical assistance. As a minimum, use the samples for such comparative tests that are as homogenous as possible, drawn from the same lot of material as the samples that resulted in disparate results during initial testing and randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory. The test results from the laboratories involved should be compared using a statistical test for unpaired data, a probability level chosen prior to the testing series. If a bias is found either its cause must be found and corrected, or future test results for that material must be adjusted in consideration of the known bias.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of pile thickness of finished level pile yarn floor covering using a thickness measuring instrument having a stationary surface (platen), a circular pressure foot under specified force, and capable of being moved vertically above the platen.
1.2 This test method is applicable only to finished level loop, cutpile and cut & loop constructions with tuft heights less than 0.25 in. (6 mm).
Note 1—Determination of pile thickness of finished level pile yarn floor coverings was previously contained within Test Methods . For user convenience, Subcommittee D13.21 subdivided Test Methods D418 into separate standards of which this test method is one.
1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D418 Test Method for Testing Pile Yarn Floor Covering Construction
D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles
D5684 Terminology Relating to Pile Floor Coverings
D5823 Test Method for Tuft Height of Pile Floor Coverings
E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process
ICS Number Code 59.080.60 (Textile floor coverings)