ASTM D6823 - 08(2013)

    Standard Specification for Commercial Boiler Fuels With Used Lubricating Oils

    Active Standard ASTM D6823 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.P0

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.03


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    Abstract

    This specification covers four grades of fuel oil made of used lubricating oils. These four grades of fuel are proposed for use in various types of fuel-oil-burning industrial equipment and commercial boilers under various climatic and operating conditions. The four grades of fuel oil covered in this specification are RFC4, RFC5L, RFC5H, and RFC6. The fuel oils shall contain a minimum volume of used lubricating oil-derived products as prescribed herein. The oils shall also be homogeneous consisting primarily of hydrocarbons. The fuel oil shall not contain excessive amounts of organic or inorganic acids, or both, and shall be free of solid or fibrous matter.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers four grades of fuel oil made of at least 25 % used lubricating oils. The four grades of fuel are intended for use in various types of fuel-oil-burning industrial equipment and commercial boilers under various climatic and operating conditions. These fuels are not intended for use in residential heaters.

    1.1.1 Grades RFC4, RFC5L, RFC5H and RFC6 are used lubricating oil blends of increasing viscosity, with or without middle distillate or residual fuel oil, or both, that are intended for use in industrial burners and commercial boilers equipped to handle these types of fuels. This specification is for applications where Specification D6448 would not meet the performance or other requirements of the burner or boiler in question.

    Note 1For information on the significance of the terminology and test methods used in this specification, see Appendix X1.

    1.2 This specification is for use in contracts for the purchase of fuel oils derived from used lubricating oil and for the guidance of consumers of such fuels. This specification does not address the frequency with which any particular test must be run.

    1.3 Nothing in this specification shall preclude observance of national or local regulations which can be more restrictive. In some jurisdictions, used oil is considered a hazardous waste and fuels derived from used oil are required to meet certain criteria before use as a fuel.

    Note 2For United States federal requirements imposed on used oil generators, transporters and transfer facilities, reprocessors, marketers, and burners, see 40 CFR Part 279.
    Note 3The generation and dissipation of static electricity can create problems in the handling of distillate burner fuel oils. For more information on the subject, see Guide D4865.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4.1 Exception—Table 1 and Table X1.1 include inch-pound values in parentheses for information only.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D56 Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester

    D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    D95 Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation

    D97 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products

    D129 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (General High Pressure Decomposition Device Method)

    D240 Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels by Bomb Calorimeter

    D396 Specification for Fuel Oils

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D473 Test Method for Sediment in Crude Oils and Fuel Oils by the Extraction Method

    D482 Test Method for Ash from Petroleum Products

    D664 Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration

    D974 Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration

    D1266 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (Lamp Method)

    D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

    D1552 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)

    D1796 Test Method for Water and Sediment in Fuel Oils by the Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure)

    D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D2983 Test Method for Low-Temperature Viscosity of Lubricants Measured by Brookfield Viscometer

    D3228 Test Method for Total Nitrogen in Lubricating Oils and Fuel Oils by Modified Kjeldahl Method

    D3245 Test Method for Pumpability of Industrial Fuel Oils

    D3828 Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester

    D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4294 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D4629 Test Method for Trace Nitrogen in Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Syringe/Inlet Oxidative Combustion and Chemiluminescence Detection

    D4865 Guide for Generation and Dissipation of Static Electricity in Petroleum Fuel Systems

    D4868 Test Method for Estimation of Net and Gross Heat of Combustion of Burner and Diesel Fuels

    D5185 Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)

    D5291 Test Methods for Instrumental Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Petroleum Products and Lubricants

    D5384 Test Methods for Chlorine in Used Petroleum Products (Field Test Kit Method)

    D5854 Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D6160 Test Method for Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Waste Materials by Gas Chromatography

    D6448 Specification for Industrial Burner Fuels from Used Lubricating Oils

    D6450 Test Method for Flash Point by Continuously Closed Cup (CCCFP) Tester

    D7042 Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)

    U.S. Code of Federal Regulations

    40CFRPart279 Standards for the Management of Used Oil

    40CFRPart761 Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Manufacturing, Processing, Distribution in Commerce, and Use Prohibitions


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15120000(Lubricants and oils and greases and anti corrosives)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D6823

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6823-08(2013), Standard Specification for Commercial Boiler Fuels With Used Lubricating Oils, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.org

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