ASTM D6810 - 13

    Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hindered Phenolic Antioxidant Content in Non-Zinc Turbine Oils by Linear Sweep Voltammetry

    Active Standard ASTM D6810 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.09.0C

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.03


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    ASTM D6810

    Significance and Use

    4.1 The quantitative determination of hindered phenol antioxidants in a new turbine oil measures the amount of this material that has been added to the oil as protection against oxidation. Beside phenols, turbine oils can be formulated with other antioxidants such as amines which can extend the oil life. In used oil, the determination measures the amount of original (phenolic) antioxidant remaining after oxidation have reduced its initial concentration. This test method is not designed or intended to detect all of the antioxidant intermediates formed during the thermal and oxidative stressing of the oils, which are recognized as having some contribution to the remaining useful life of the used or in-service oil. Nor does it measure the overall stability of an oil, which is determined by the total contribution of all species present. Before making final judgment on the remaining useful life of the used oil, which might result in the replacement of the oil reservoir, it is advised to perform additional analytical techniques (in accordance with Practices D6224 and D4378), having the capability of measuring remaining oxidative life of the used oil.

    4.1.1 This test method is applicable to non-zinc turbine oils. These are refined mineral oils containing rust and oxidation inhibitors, but not antiwear additives. This test method has not yet been established with sufficient precision for antiwear oils.

    4.2 This test method is also suitable for manufacturing control and specification acceptance.

    4.3 When a voltammetric analysis is obtained for a turbine oil inhibited with a typical hindered phenol antioxidant, there is an increase in the current of the produced voltammogram between 3-5 s (or 0.3 to 0.6 V applied voltage) (see Note 1) in the basic test solution (Fig. 1x-axis 1 second = 0.1 V). Hindered phenol antioxidants detected by voltammetric analysis include, but are not limited to, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol; 2,6-di-tert-butylphenol and 4,4'-methylenebis(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol).

    Note 1Voltages listed with respect to reference electrode. The voltammograms shown in Figs. 1 and 2 were obtained with a platinum reference electrode and a voltage scan rate of 0.1 V/s.
    Amine and Hindered Phenols Peaks in the Basic Test
Solution with Blank Response Zeroed
    Note 1x-axis = time (seconds) and y-axis is current (arbitrary units). Top line in Fig. 2 is fresh oil, and lower line is used oil.
    FIG. 2 Amine and Hindered Phenols Peaks in the Basic Test Solution with Blank Response Zeroed

    4.4 For non-zinc turbine oils containing aromatic (aryl) amine compounds (antioxidants and corrosion inhibitors), there is an increase in the current of the produced voltammogram between 7-11 s (0.7 to 1.1 V applied voltage in Fig. 2) (see Note 1) which does not interfere with the hindered phenol measurement in the basic test solution. For the measurement of these aromatic amine antioxidants, refer to Test Method D6971, where the neutral test solution shall be used.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the voltammetric determination of hindered phenol antioxidants in new or in-service non-zinc turbine oils in concentrations from 0.0075 weight % up to concentrations found in new oils by measuring the amount of current flow at a specified voltage in the produced voltammogram.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4378 Practice for In-Service Monitoring of Mineral Turbine Oils for Steam, Gas, and Combined Cycle Turbines

    D6224 Practice for In-Service Monitoring of Lubricating Oil for Auxiliary Power Plant Equipment

    D6447 Test Method for Hydroperoxide Number of Aviation Turbine Fuels by Voltammetric Analysis

    D6971 Test Method for Measurement of Hindered Phenolic and Aromatic Amine Antioxidant Content in Non-zinc Turbine Oils by Linear Sweep Voltammetry


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15121527(Turbine oil)


    DOI: 10.1520/D6810-13

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