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Significance and Use
Isothermal secant bulk modulus (static bulk modulus) is a property that measures the compressibility of a liquid. The greater the value, the less the compressibility of the liquid.
Isothermal secant bulk modulus is employed in the design of high performance hydraulic fluid and braking systems. High bulk modulus is desirable in that the response time of a system is faster when applied pressure more directly effects the action of the system rather than in the compression of the working liquid.
If isothermal secant bulk modulus is known as a function of pressure, the data may be used to calculate isothermal tangent bulk modulus and density as a function of pressure. The data may not, however, be used to determine isentropic (dynamic) bulk modulus. That property is usually determined from velocity of sound measurements and differs from isothermal bulk modulus by the ratio of Cp/Cv = γ (the ratio of heat capacity at constant pressure to that at constant volume for the test specimen.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of isothermal secant and tangent bulk modulus of liquids which are stable and compatible with stainless steel under the conditions of test.
1.2 This test method is designed to be used over the temperature range from -40 to 200°C and from ambient to 68.95 Mpa (10 000 psig).
Note 1—Because of the design of the test apparatus, the upper limit of pressure which can be attained is limited by the bulk modulus of the test fluid. Pressures as high as 68.95 Mpa will not be attained for fluids of relatively low bulk modulus at the test temperature.
1.3 This test method assumes that the user is proficient in the assembly and use of medium pressure (m/p) threaded and coned fittings which are intended for use at pressures up to 137.9 Mpa (20 000 psig).
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 2—Because hydraulic pressure in the test system is produced by purely mechanical means, the test method is not subject to the hazards associated with systems which are pressurized pneumatically. Even small leaks will result in immediate drop in pressure to ambient without production of a high pressure liquid stream or mist.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D235 Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent)
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals
ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)